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Since we had both Hillary and Holt shill moderator lying in the debate, we gotta straight shit out.
Stop and Frisk is also known as a Terry Stop (allowed since 1968 Supreme Court decision), which allows law enforcement to conduct a cursory search based on "reasonable suspicion" instead of
"probable cause." Its accepted everywhere & the Supreme court decision has not been overruled.
What was initially found unconstitutional (the order was never appealed but may have lapsed by consent) was the Program set up the NYPD, (which not surprisingly resulted in greater numbers of young Black and Hispanic males being stopped since that was the nature of the population where crimes were being committed).
Now with that said, does it work?
90% of Suspects in Murder cases are described as Black or Hispanic by witnesses and 89% of all crime is perpetrated by Non-whites, while it is true that they constitute 54% of the population and their stops increased by 87-9% (in some preccints) and overally by 50% but they clearly are involved in much more crime than whites. The frisk rates of racial groups match up with arrestees.
One report found: "The racial distribution of stops was similar to the racial distribution of arrestees in most categories. Hispanics were stopped 5 to 10 percent more than their representation in crime-suspect descriptions would predict. Black suspects, on the other hand, were stopped substantially less than would be expected, 20 to 30 percent less than their representation in crime-suspect descriptions." [Analysis of Racial Disparities in the New York Police Department’s Stop, Question, and Frisk Practices]
To summarize its difficult to say which police innovation was reducing the crime or if it merely was a general long term decline, though there has been a reduction in murder rates, other major crimes and improvements in the incarceration rate.
Studies on Stop and Frisk-
NYC Bar Stop and Frisk Report [suggests improvements]- Www2.nycbar.org
Could Innovations in Policing have Contributed to the New York City Crime Drop even in a Period of Declining Police Strength? - Tandfonline.com
'Inverse relationship between Constitutionality and Effectiveness of New York City Stop and Frisk' - Bu.edu
Analysis of Racial Disparities in the New York Police Department’s Stop, Question, and Frisk Practices [has recommendations] - Nyc.gov
NYPD data on stop & frisk-
'Stop-and-Frisk does work': Over half of the 150,000 arrests that came from searches ended in conviction or guilty plea, say NY police
Police in New York have claimed that controversial ‘stop and search’ tactics are effective at tackling crime, after a report found that half the arrests from the measure lead to a conviction.
The first ever analysis of stop and search, it also found that a quarter of cases resulted in prison sentences.
In Britain, similar tactics have provoked fury over racial profiling.
The NYPD's use of stop and frisk has been at the centre of a contentious debate since May 2012 when the New York Civil Liberties Union released a report showing use of the tactic skyrocketed under Mayor Bloomberg
A study published earlier this year found police were up to 28 per cent more likely to use stop-and-search powers against black people than white.
New York police’s use of stop-and-frisk has been a hallmark of outgoing mayor Michael Bloomberg’s battle against crime – which has fallen more than 30 per cent during his three terms in office – but has led to lawsuits and growing anger among minorities.
The report by New York State Attorney General Eric Schneiderman analysed 150,000 arrests resulting from 2.4million stops between 2009 and 2012, and found 51 per cent of the arrests led to convictions or guilty pleas.
However, earlier this year a US judge appointed a federal monitor to oversee reforms aimed at curbing the practice.
The analysis was billed by Schneiderman's office as the first of its kind.
'Until now, no known study has sought to assess what happens following (stop-and-frisk) arrests,' the report said.
The other half were never prosecuted, dismissed or resulted in adjournments in contemplation of dismissal - a legal term for cases in which a judge allows a case to be dismissed after a probationary period of usually six months to a year.
The report also said the stop-and-frisk arrests resulted in a 24 per cent incarceration rate.
The chief spokesman for the police, John McCarthy, called the analysis 'flawed' and said it underestimated the value of the tactic.
He said it fails to account for situations in which police action such as stop and frisk deter or prevent a crime, which does not result in arrests.
The report results appear to show that the outcomes of stop and frisk arrests are no more or less effective in nabbing criminals than are other NYPD arrests.
The conviction and incarceration rates in the Schneiderman report are nearly identical to the rates for overall city arrests last year, according to statistics from the New York State Division of Criminal Justice Services.
The report by New York State Attorney General Eric Schneiderman analyzed 150,000 arrests that resulted from 2.4 millions stops by the NYPD between 2009 and 2012
Melissa Grace, a spokeswoman for Schneiderman, said the report did not compare the conviction and incarceration rates resulting from police stops with overall citywide rates.
She declined to elaborate on the similarity of the figures.
The NYPD's use of stop and frisk has been at the center of a contentious debate since May 2012 when the New York Civil Liberties Union released a report showing use of the tactic skyrocketed under Mayor Michael Bloomberg.
The total number of police stops rose from 160,851 in 2003 - a year after Bloomberg took office - to 685,724 in 2011.
Mayor elect Bill De Blasio made reforming police use of the stop and frisk policy a key component in his campaign
Bloomberg and police Commissioner Ray Kelly have staunchly defended the tactic as the centerpiece of a crime-fighting strategy that has driven overall crime down more than 30 percent during Bloomberg's three terms in office.
In August, a federal judge ruled that the police use of stop and frisk led to 'indirect racial profiling' of mostly young, minority residents - who comprised 87 percent of all police stops last year.
The judge, U.S. District Court judge Shira Scheindlin, appointed a federal monitor to oversee a broad spectrum of reforms aimed at curbing the practice.
Last week, Scheindlin's ruling was put on hold and she was removed from the case by a three-judge appellate panel which said she 'ran afoul' of the judicial code of conduct by granting media interviews and appearing to steer the lawsuit to her courtroom.
The case has been re-assigned to another judge but is expected to be withdrawn after Mayor-elect Bill de Blasio takes office on Jan. 1.
De Blasio, a Democrat, made reforming police use of the stop and frisk policy a key component in his mayoral campaign.
He won a landslide victory over Republican Joseph Lhota, who supported the stop-and-frisk tactic.
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