The Menemen Incident refers to a chain of incidents which occurred in Menemen, a small town in the Aegean region of Turkey, on 23 December 1930.
What is Kemalism?
Kemalism, also known as Atatürkism or the Six Arrows was the political ideology of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, and the principles that define the basic characteristics of the modern Republic of Turkey.
It is divided into six principles:
“My people are going to learn the principles of democracy, the dictates of truth and the teachings of science. Superstition must go. Let them worship as they will, every man can follow his own conscience provided it does not interfere with sane reason or bid him act against the liberty of his fellow men.”
― Mustafa Kemal Atatürk