Israeli Defense Force: Fight for Independence is a Total Conversion modification for the PC game Battlefield 2 (A.K.A. BF2). What we aim to achieve with this mod is to immerse the player into the historic wars involving Israel, Syria, Egypt, and Jordan, which are the 6-Day War, the War of Attrition, and the Yom Kippur War. The player will be able to play as a common soldier, crewmember, or pilot in these wars. The mod will feature historically accurate equipment such as the famous Russian AK-47, the fearsome SO-4050 bomber, the menacing IS3 and M48 tanks, and much, much more. Also, the maps will recreate actual battles that happened in these wars, to complete a historically-accurate and immersive modification. IDF:FFI is also a member of the acclaimed cooperative gaming studio Black Sand Studios.

Report RSS New Egyptian Tank! Is it a T-54 or T-55?

Is it a T-54 or a T-55? This can be a difficult question to answer. The T-54/55 was built in huge numbers and many different variants and sub-variants were produced. In this update we will attempt to explain the main differences. We will also show off our amazing new Egyptian tank!

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Is it a T-54 or a T-55?

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This can be a difficult question to answer. The T-54/55 were built in huge numbers and many different variants and sub-variants were produced. The T-54 and T-55 tanks are outwardly very similar and difficult to distinguish visually. Many T-54s were also updated to T-55 standards, so some tanks are simply called T-54/55. Soviet tanks were factory-overhauled every 7,000 km and often given minor technology updates. Many armies have added or modified the tank's equipment. In this update we will attempt to explain the main differences. We will also show off our amazing new modernized Egyptian T-54!

If you are interested this is a really good 'walk around' of a T-55 by the 'Chieftain' on youtube. They discuss some of the differences between a T-54 and T-55. I love this show, they do a great job of explaining armored vehicles.


The T-54 and T-55 tanks are a series of Soviet main battle tanks introduced in the years following the Second World War. The first T-54 prototype was completed at Nizhny Tagil by the end of 1945. The T-54/55's eventually became the main tank for armored units of the Soviet Army, armies of the Warsaw Pact, and many others armies. The T-54/55 series eventually became the most-produced tank in military history. Estimated production numbers for the series range from 86,000 to 100,000. They have been replaced by more modern tanks in the Soviet and Russian armies, but remain in use by up to 50 other armies worldwide, some having received sophisticated retrofitting.

Main T-54/55 production variants


The T-54 borrowed many ideas from the earlier T-44 tank which was meant to replace the famous T-34 tank. The T-44 had a more space-efficient torsion-bar suspension, a novel and space saving transverse engine mount, and the removal of the hull machine-gunner's crew position. The T-44 was superior to the T-34 in almost everyway. But it was never produced in larger numbers because the Soviets did not want to interrupt the production of the T-34's which were effective enough and were being produced in record numbers.

T 44v2


The first T-54 prototype was actually an enlarged T-44 which included the larger and more powerful 100mm gun. In testing, there were numerous drawbacks that required correction and many alterations that had to be made to the vehicle's design. It was decided to begin serial production of the new vehicle and the vehicle officially entered service on 29 April 1946. Here are the main production versions produced by the Soviet Union, Poland and Czechoslovakia.

T-54 variants

T 54 1 1949 Egypt1956


T-54-1 Model 1946 Produced 1946–1948. Similar to T-44, only a small number was built for trials

T 54 2 1949


T-54-2 Model 1949 – Produced 1949–1952. It incorporated a number of improvements to the turret, as well a wider track and modernized transmission. The turret is dome-shaped with flat sides (inspired by the IS-3 heavy tanks), similar to later T-54s but with a distinctive overhang at the rear. The hull machine gun replaced the fender bin mounted ones. This was the first version used by the Arab armies.


T 54 3


T-54-3 Model 1951 – Produced 1952–1954, in Poland 1956–1964. Adopted the familiar, fully egg-shaped turret, eliminating the shot traps and added new gunner's sight. The tank is also able to use its engine exhaust smoke system to create smokescreen by injecting vaporized diesel fuel onto the exhaust system.

T 54A spoked wheels


T-54A – Produced 1955–1957, in Poland 1956–1964, in Czechoslovakia 1957–1966, and in China as the Type 59. Added vertical-plane gun stabilizer to D-10T tank gun and this new weapon was designated D-10TG. Originally had a small muzzle counter-weight, which was later replaced with a fume extractor. Also introduced were the wading snorkel, a new telescopic sight, new infrared periscope and headlight, new radio, and improved engine.

T 54B 1967


T-54B – Produced from 1957 to 1958. It is armed with the modernized D-10T2S tank gun with 2-plane stabilization. From 1959, infrared night-fighting equipment was added. With the new gun, modern APFSDS ammunition was developed, dramatically enhancing the penetrative performance of the gun to keep it competitive with NATO armor developments.

T-55 variants


The first T-55 was produced in 1958. One of the main differences between the T-54 and T-55 is that the T-55 has NBC (Nuclear, Biological, Chemical) protection for the crew. This was seen as a major improvement over the T-54, all of which lacked any NBC protection. Although in reality NBC protection has never been utilized although it is still seen as a major feature of modern tank design.

Takom 2055 T 54B Russian Medium


There is one sure way to identify if a tank is a T-54 or a T-55. If you look at the top of the turret, a T-54 has an armored dome ventilator, number 7 on the drawings above. The T-55 omitted the dome ventilator because it was incompatible with the new NBC system.


T 55 Beyrouth1982


T-55 – Produced 1958–1963, in Poland 1958–1964, in Czechoslovakia from 1958 to 1983. It has a new turret floor, thicker turret armor, complete NBC system, gamma ray detector, improved engine, new internal fuel tanks, ammunition load for the main gun was increased, improved fire-protection system and exhaust smoke generator. The engine compartment was equipped with a heating system. "Starfish" road wheels replaced earlier spoked "spider" style road wheels.

T 55A Iraki 1991


T-55A – Produced 1963–1981, in Poland 1964–1979. The T-55A MBT was primarily developed to incorporate a new ant radiation lining and full chemical filtration system. One of the major internal additions was the use of a plasticized lead sheeting for ant radiation protection. This was evident externally due to use of an enlarged driver's hatch and enlarged combings over the commander's and loader's hatch.

Advantages and drawbacks

The T-54/55 tanks are mechanically simple and robust. They are very simple to operate compared to Western tanks. The T-54/55 is a relatively small main battle tank, presenting a smaller target for its opponents to hit. By the standards of the 1950s, the T-54 was an excellent tank combining lethal firepower, excellent armor protection and good reliability while remaining a significantly smaller and lighter tank than its NATO tanks. The 100 mm D-10T tank gun of the T-54 and the T-55 was also more powerful than its Western counterparts at that time (the M48 Patton initially carried a 90 mm tank gun and the Centurion Mk. 3 carried the 20-pounder(84 mm) tank gun).

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Nevertheless, T-54/55 tanks had their drawbacks. Small size is achieved at the expense of interior space. The low turret profile of the tanks prevents them from depressing their main guns by more than 5°. As in most tanks of that generation, the internal ammunition supply is not shielded, increasing the risk that any enemy penetration of the fighting compartment could cause a catastrophic secondary explosion. The T-54 lacks NBC protection, a revolving turret floor (which complicated the crew's operations), and early models lacked gun stabilization. All of these problems were corrected in the otherwise largely identical T-55 tank.

Service History

During the Cold War, Soviet tanks never directly faced their NATO adversaries in combat in Europe. However, the T-54/55's have seen heavy combat all over the world, particularly in the Middle East.

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T-54/55s formed the bulk of the Egyptian Army for many years, with over 2,500 tanks ordered and delivered. Deliveries of the first T-54's started in 1961 and the last T-55 was delivered in 1973. The Egyptians had many different variants of the T-54/55. The Egyptian T-54/55's came from many different sources as well. Some were newly built from factories in Russia, Czechoslovakia and Poland. Others were tanks previously in Soviet service. Some were donated by other Arab nations.

They first action against the Israeli army in the 1967 Six Day War. Israel used US supplied M48 Patton tanks, Centurion tanks, and even upgraded World War II-era Sherman tanks against T-54/55s. This mix of Israeli tanks, combined with superior planning of operations and superior airpower, proved to be more than capable of dealing with the T-54/55's.

T 54B Modified Egyptian


By the 1973 Yom Kippur War, the T-54/55's gun was starting to lose its competitive effectiveness relative to western tank armor and the 105 mm Royal Ordnance L7 gun mounted in Israeli tanks. Israel captured many T-54s from Syria and mostly from Egypt in the 1967 war, and modified them for their own use. Egypt began to modify and modernize their T-54/55's after the 1967 war and was one of the first armies to do so and use them in combat. Several different improvements where made over the years and highly modernized versions of the T-54/55 still serve in the Egyptian Army.

Here we will go into a little more detail of one of the main versions of the T-54/55 that was used in the 1973 war. This version is sometimes called the T-54E Mark 0 ("E" stands for Egyptian variant) The Egyptians took their older T-54s and added a new Russian engine, a German AEG infrared/white searchlight on the left side and a Yugoslav "Iskra" laser rangefinder. A DShK 1938/46 antiaircraft heavy machine gun was also added to some of these versions. Fuel and water tanks were added to the rear of the hull. And a storage rack was added to the rear of the turret.

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Illness88 did an amazing job of creating our modified T-54 model and texture. The original model and texture were created by degit22. The Egyptians began to use more complex camouflaged patterns after the 1967 war. Most vehicles received some form of 2-tone or 3-tone camouflage. The first color scheme is a unique 3-tone scheme of yellow, brown and green. The white turret and fender stripes were applied to the first wave of tanks that breached the Israeli Bar-Lev line defenses. They were marked with large white horizontal ID stripes for visual identification of friendly (as in Egyptian) vehicles. The Israelis were using the Tiran-4 (captured T-54s from the 1967 war with Egypt) at the time and so to avoid any friendly fire incidents, the markings were applied by the Egyptians.

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The second color scheme is a 2-tone scheme of yellow and green.

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And the third color scheme is a 2-tone scheme of tan and brown.

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That's it for this update hopefully this helps you understand some of the differences between the T-54 and T-55. More updates to come.

Comments
Anthony817
Anthony817

Really like this picture.

Media.moddb.com

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Frosty98B
Frosty98B

If I were to choose my favourite, it would be this one:

Media.moddb.com

The while lining just looks so elegant to me for some reason. Illness is really really talented!

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Anthony817
Anthony817

I wholeheartedly agree!

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General_Bradly Author
General_Bradly

Thanks guys

Reply Good karma+3 votes
Marek33
Marek33

Awesome work like always and also great article!

Reply Good karma Bad karma+5 votes
Ismoleboss
Ismoleboss

This question has long occupied my thoughts x)

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Fast&FPS
Fast&FPS

Yah, I like those old tanks so much. I don't if it T54 or T55

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jaikens83
jaikens83

Fantastic!

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BFK_Public_Relations
BFK_Public_Relations

Well that's obviously the T-54 because it doesn't have the bore evacuator at the end of the barrel like the T-55 does. You people think this is complicated but is really not.

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General_Bradly Author
General_Bradly

Well some later T-54's had a bore evacuator and also some T-55's didn't have it so you can't always go by that. The only way to tell for sure is the dome ventilator on top of the turret.

Reply Good karma+5 votes
Blackflag554
Blackflag554

Amazing model & texture! its so damn cool!!
errr... whats the question again?

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SgtNickStoltz
SgtNickStoltz

Excellent article. Top notch stuff!

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Raptor341
Raptor341

Well done, excellent read and model.

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