Real controversies, and well-documented crimes committed by a government whether in the present or the past.
Mark Halsey. 2007. 'On Confinement. Inmate and resident perspectives of Secure Care and Imprisonment.'
...the function of the prison is (now) to render
bodies docile and malleable so as to transform their ‘souls’ (Foucault, 1977; Ignatieff, 1978),
or to act as a weapon in continuing class conflict (Rusche and Kirchheimer, 1968),
or to produce goods at well below ‘normal’ market conditions
(Melossi and Pavarini, 1981),
or to reproduce and instill the classical conception of self-responsibility within persons whose capacity to assume such responsibility has been repeatedly wrested from them both within and beyond custodial walls (Beccaria, 1963 ).
Foucault, M. (1977) Discipline and Punish. London: Penguin.
Ignatieff, M. (1978) A Just Measure of Pain. London: Penguin.
Melossi, D. and M. Pavarini (1981) The Prison and the Factory. London: Macmillan.
Rusche, G. and O. Kirchheimer (1968) Punishment and Social Structure. New York: Russell and Russell.
Beccaria, C. (1963 ) Of Crime and Punishments. Indianapolis, IN: Bobbs-Merrill.