It's one of the big questions in
global finance these days.
Hong Kong has the highest home prices
among major global cities, including London, New York and Tokyo, according to a
report by the international property consultancy Savills.
Many believe the market is ripe for a
setback, although opinions differ on how serious.
"Hong Kong's property market is
like a patient getting early-stage cancer. However, our government gives it
medicine that is designated for final stage cancer patients," says Raymond
Lee, the regional chief executive of Savills. "The high dosage kills both
good cells and cancer cells. The patient will also die."
Prices show no serious signs of falling
despite repeated attempts by the government to curb gains. Against that, there
is a housing shortage, mortgage costs are low and there has been a buying spree
by mainland Chinese.
However, most of the smart money is
now on prices dropping. Prices could fall as much as 20 per cent over the next
two years, according to Deutsche Bank, after lenders in March raised home-loan
rates by 25 basis points in response to tighter risk rules.
Savills echoed the Deutsche
prediction, saying property prices in Hong Kong may drop by up to 20 per cent
across the board because of the latest anti-speculation measures taken by the
Since returning to China in 1997,
Hong Kong's economy has become thickly entwined with the mainland, and it needs
Chinese trade flows and tourists to keep it simmering. With the economy
expected to weaken over the next couple of years north of the border, Hong
Kong's growth could choke.
But the link to the United States
economy via the currency board peg means that it will possibly have to deal
with stronger growth there next year, and a probable rise in interest rates,
while mainland China stutters.
"As we see China and Hong Kong
growth slowing, and US growth on the way back up, Hong Kong has a problem.
Interest rates rising in the US would come at exactly the wrong time for Hong
Kong," says Freya Beamish, an economist at Lombard Street Research who
This scenario could play out
negatively on the property market. With its robust links to the world's biggest
and second-biggest economies, Hong Kong has been awash with liquidity.
America's central bank slashed interest rates to counter the global downturn
and began quantitative easing.
"At this stage, the Hong Kong
dollar along with the RMB [China's currency] was still substantially
undervalued against the US dollar. Having held on to the peg, even while China
allowed some nominal appreciation, all of Hong Kong's currency adjustment had
to take place through prices," says Ms Beamish.
So is it possible that US growth
rising as Hong Kong and Chinese growth heads in the other direction could in
fact help the Hong Kong economy because it means the bubble will burst, and the
economy can be rebuilt from a firmer base?
"If they keep the peg in any
case, we will see the same problem again. They seem addicted to the peg, the
stability of it. A run-up in property prices is not my definition of
stability," responds Ms Beamish.
Hong Kong's chief executive Leung
Chun-ying has imposed extra property transactions taxes, raised mortgage
down-payment requirements, and accelerated the pace of government land sales.
What is effectively a
three-decade-old marriage is indeed hard to pull asunder, but calls for changes
in Hong Kong's currency peg system are growing. Joseph Yam, who was chief
executive of the Hong Kong Monetary Authority (Hong Kong's central bank) until
October 2009, last year made a high-profile call for the link to the dollar to
Mr Yam has suggested a shift to a peg
against the yuan, a widening of the trading band versus the dollar and a
"corridor" that would be periodically reviewed.