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In the 90's, Vickers Defense Systems used the experience gained from government-funded armor projects to create the VARMA series, a series of private venture armor products. It was marketed for both retrofitting on old vehicles as well as integrating into new concepts.
In this photo the M48A5's turret uses VARMA 1 on the turret cheeks, as well as the weakspot between the hull and turret, and VARMA 2 ERA on the gun mantlet and turret sides.
VARMA 1 is a compact passive armor. It incorporates ballistically proven armor array packages that can be tailored to fit existing vehicles even when complex curved surfaces are involved. VARMA 1 can be supplied to virtually any cast turreted vehicle including M48, M60, former Soviet and Chinese T series, Chieftain and Centurion.
VARMA 2 is an explosive reactive armor system which offers a very high degree of performance against shaped charge weapons. The armour is lightweight, easily installed and is a very cost-effective means of providing protection against shaped charge threats.
VARMA 3 is a series of lightweight armor systems that can be optimized to defeat a range of small caliber kinetic energy and shaped charge weapons.
VARMA 4 is an explosive armor system developed specifically to protect the turret roof of MBTs against shaped charge threats.
Source: Jane's Armoured Fighting Vehicle Retrofit Systems 1993-94