Post feature RSS 1519 Factions and Units

Faction Descriptions and Unit Rosters. Suggestions Welcome

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[Map of Factions] Moddb.com

The Muslim Sultanates of Northern India
=Mughal Empire, Afghan Empire descended from the Timurids
//Strengths:Strong Artillery and Central Asian-Style Cavalry
//Weaknesses: Must expand quickly to secure wealth from hostile neighbors

=Gujarati Sultanate (Sultanat-i-Gujarat), Wealthy Muslim Kingdom
//Strengths:Trade Monopoly on North Western India, Persian style heavy cavalry, Rockets, Janissary/Turkish/Afghan/African Mercenaries
//Weaknesses: Claustrophobic Starting Position, Succession Civil War, At war the powerful Mewar Rajputs

=Bengali Sultanate (Shahi Bangalah), Wealthy Muslim Kingdom
//Strengths:Strong Navy, Good Missile Infantry, Elephants, and African Mercenaries
//Weaknesses: Religiously Fractured, Poor Cavalry, Lacking in Heavy Armour
begin game at war with pirate rebels to the east

=Delhi Sultanate (Sultanat-i-Delhi), North Indian Superpower
//Strengths:Great Cavalry, High morale slave troops, Very Wealthy
//Weaknesses: Land-locked, Expansive, Religiously and Politically Fractured Starting Empire

=Malwa Sultante (Sultanat-i-Malwa), Smaller offshoot of the Delhi Sultanate
//Strengths:Good Cavalry, High morale slave troops, Very Wealthy
//Weaknesses: Land-locked, Begin game at War with the powerful Mewar Rajputs

=Arghun Kingdom


The Deccani Sultanates of Central India.
-Good Cavalry and Mercenary Selection. Lacking in Heavy armor.


=Golconda Sultanate (Sultanat-i-Golconda), Map: Moddb.com
//Strengths: Good Telinga Spearmen, Diverse Mercenaries
//Weaknesses: Lesser Native Cavalry than the rest of the Sultanates

=Bijapur Sultanate (Sultanat-i-Bijapur), Map: Moddb.com
//Strengths: Maratha Light Cavalry and Habshi slave soldiers, Early users of the Cannon
//Weaknesses: Claustrophobic Starting Position and war with Vijyanagara and the Portuguese

=Ahmednagar Sultanate (Sultanat-i-Ahmednagar)
//Strengths: Maratha Light Cavalry and Habshi slave soldiers, Early users of the Musket
//Weaknesses: Claustrophobic Starting Position

=Berar Sultanate (Sultanat-i-Berar), Map: Moddb.com
//Strengths:Good North Indian Cavalry
//Weaknesses: Claustrophobic Starting Position


The Europeans
=Portugal (Estado da Índia)
//Strengths: Strong Navy and Gunpowder Units
//Weaknesses: Few Europeans, relies on Slave Troops, Native Indian Infantry, and Mercenaries.


Hindu Empires
=Vijayanagara Empire (Vijayanagara Samrajya)
//Strengths: A Large and Religiously Unified Starting Empire, Friendly with Portugal
//Weaknesses: Strong emphasis on Elephants and Levy Infantry, Lacking in Missile Cavalry and Heavy Armour. Relies on importing Arabian horses from the Portuguese to deal with the superior cavalry of the Decanni Sultans

=Mewar Rajput (Sisodiya Mewar Rajya)
//Strengths: Excellent Heavy Cavalry/Bhil Tribal Archers/Metal Armoured Elephants
//Weaknesses: No Starting Gunpowder, At war with neighbor Muslims, Lacking in decent infantry

=Mawar Rajputs (Rathore Marwaad Rajya)
//Strengths: Excellent Heavy Cavalry/Late game Camel gunners
//Weaknesses: No Starting Gunpowder, Lacking in decent infantry

=Garha Kingdom, (Garha Katanga)
//Strengths: Strong Navy and Gunpowder Units
//Weaknesses: Poor cavalry

=Kingdom of Orrisa (Suryavamsi Gajapati Rajya)
//Strengths: All castes are military members, Large amount of native elephants
//Weaknesses: Lacking in Cavalry and early gunpowder

=Zamourin of Callicut (Kozhikode Samoothiri)
//Strengths: Rich through trade, Early users of the Musket, Fanatic Nair soldiers, good sharpshooters
//Weaknesses: Claustrophobic Starting Position. Must import expensive horses. Begin at war with the Portuguese

=Kingdom of Venad/Tranvacore (Thiruvithamkoor)

=Kingdom of Mrauk U
//Strengths: Lots of Elephants, Pirate ships, Ronin Samurai mercenaries, Late help from the Dutch
//Weaknesses: No early gunpowder or cannons, poor cavalry, few heavy units, start at war with the Bengal Sultanate

////Minor Factions-Rebels
-Kashmir
-Multan
-Manipur
-Bidar Sultanate
-Khandesh
-The Kutch
-Ahom Kingdom
-Bhutan, Heavy Dzong swordsmen and musketmen
-Amber
-Shri Lankans, elephants/tribal sharpshooters

////Emergent Factions
-The Sur Empire
-Thanjavur Nayaks
-Madurai Nayaks


////UNIT ROSTERS, WORK IN PROGRESS

=ARRAKAN/KINGDOM OF MRAUK U

=General's Bodyguard
//Royal Light Cavalry
//Eastern Elephants
//Ronin Medium Archer Cavalry


=Heavy Cavalry
//Eastern Elephants
//Armoured Eastern Elephants


=Medium Cavalry
//Medium Arrakan Noble Cavalry
//Medium Indian Cavalry
//Mercenary Afghan Medium Cavalry


=Light Cavalry
//Indian Light Cavalry, low quality light cavalry
//Indian Light Cavalry on imported Arabian Horses
//Mercenary Manipuri Cavalry
//Mercenary Afghan Light Cavalry

=Light Javelin Cavalry
//Indian Javelin Cavalry
//Mercenary Burmese Javelin Cavalry

=Light Archer Cavalry
//Indian Archer Cavalry


=Heavy Infantry
-NONE


=Medium Infantry
//Elite Indian Medium Spearmen, very rare
//Mercenary Afghan Medium Spearmen, rare
//Mercenary Ronin Medium Infantry, Elite Archer Infantry, very rare

//Elite Indian Medium Swordsmen, very rare
//Mercenary Afghan Medium Swordsmen (Talwarbaz), rare

=Light Spearmen
//Levy Indian Spearmen
//Tribal Indian Spearmen
//Indian 'Sheildbearers', Unarmored spearmen with large sheilds
//Indian Spearmen
//Mercenary Abyssinian Spearmen, upgradable to chainmail

=Light Club/Axemen
//Tribal Indian Clubmen
//Indian Garrison Axemen

=Light Swordsmen
//Indian Swordsmen
//Mercenary Abyssinian Swordsmen, upgradable to chainmail

=Light Javelinmen
//Indian Levy Javelinmen
//Indian Tribal Javelinmen
//Indian Javelinmen
//Elite Indian Javelinmen
//Mercenary Abbysinian Javelinmen

=Light Archers
//Indian Levy Archers
//Indian Tribal Archers
//Indian Archers
//Elite Indian Archers
//Indian Muslim Archers
//Mercenary Abyssinian Archers
//Mercenary Medium Ronin Archers

=Gunpowder Infantry
//Nafta Throwers
//Rocket Troops, infantry armed with ban (fire arrow) launchers
=(Late Era Gunpowder Infantry)
//Indian Tribal Gunmen
//Indian Gunmen
//Indian Sharpshooters
//Mercenary Abyssinian Gunmen
//Mercenary Portuguese Gunmen, Rare and expensive but the best early firearm users in India, high morale, good armour, although they tire quickly under the hot
Indian sun.


=Siege Equipment
//Ballista
//Catapults
//Trebuchet
=Rockets
//'Ban' Launcher, A simple rack firing long range rocket powered arrows
=Artillery (Late Era Siege Equipment)
//Cannons
//Bombard
//Grand Bombard
//Mercenary Portuguese Cannon


=Navy, Pirate navy; reduced upkeep
//Pirate Ships

-Slavers
-Pirate Portuguese
-Ronin Samurai Bodyguard
-Naval Help from Dutch in 1550s?


=AHMEDNAGAR SULTANATE

=Heavy Cavalry
//Sultani Khas-i-Khel (Elite Bodyguard Cavalry): These elite units represent the Deccan sultanates in a microcosm; made up of diverse recruits, from foreign stocks of Georgians, Turks, Habshis and Persians to the local Deccani Muslims and Hindu Marathas, Telangas and Kannadigas. However, what is standard is their loyalty to the Sultan and fighting prowess. Though as heavily armored as their norther counterparts, the Deccanis prefer swiftness over raw strength, wearing simple yet high quality light mail and quilted cotton jackets but no plates, and covering their steeds with felt and hardened cotton rather than mail.
//Askari Sowar (Noble Heavy Cavalry) From the far off regions of Khurasan and Iran, these heavy cavalrymen are always few and at premium in the Deccan. The only true
heavy cavalry that the Ahmednagar Sultanate has, due to the shortage of their availability, they are often used as elite reserves, expended only in the direst of situations. //Only Ahmednagar unit that can stand up to northern heavy cavalrymen//
//Heavy Indian Archer Cavalry, Noble cavalry with light horse armour and composite bows
//Light Elephants, (Must import elephants), Archers
//Heavy Elephants, (Must import elephants), Muskets, Late Era

=Medium Cavalry
//Habshi Cavalry
//Sipah i Sultanat (Regular Cavalry); Average and cheap medium cavalry, raised locally. Average morale, though undisciplined. Never to be relied without good backup.
//Mercenary Persian Lancers
//Pashtun Sowar (Afghan Medium Cavalry) While many Afghans have founded royal dynasties in the north, their brethren haven't limited themselves only to the Indo Gangetic plains. Enterprising men looking for opportunities have found gainful employment among the Sultanates of the Deccan, who are always in chronic need for soldiers for their squabbles. These medium lancers are invaluable in adding a firm thrust behind the light screen of the local cavalrymen.

=Light Cavalry
//Maratha Pathak Sowar :These superb light lancers excel at hit and run tactics, having both the speed and stamina to run rings around the enemy.
//Pindari Lancer Cavalry
//Deccani Pindari (Light Javelin Cavalry) The Pindaris are active in Central and Western India, however, they are outmatched by these rogues. A diverse bunch involving mainly Pathan and Maratha bands, these Pindari riders excel their northern counterparts as excellent predatory horse, having better stamina and melee combat skills. //Terrain bonus in Hills and Forests//
//Pathan Sawar (Pathan Javelin Cavalry):Light Jav Cav, Undisciplined and average morale
//Pashtun Light Cavalry
//Generic Indian Units, Light bow/javelin/lancer cav
//Mercenary Turkish Horse Archers


=Medium Infantry
//Habshi Spearmen and Swordsmen (Abyssinian Slave Infantry): These towering men from Africa combine their raw strength with steely discipline. Wearing light mail and wielding straight infantry sword, this medium infantry unit is the elite of the battlefield. High Morale and Disciplined.
//Pashtun Lashkari (Pathan Meduim Spearmen): While many Afghans serve as cavalrymen, in the Deccan, the hilly terrain and many arid and semi arid ranges of the Sahyadri hearken back to their similarly rugged homeland, thus they serve as excellent spearmen, defending the forts and the cities of the Sultan.

=Light Infantry
//Beydur Spearmen
//Telugu Spearmen
//Maratha Mavle (Light Swordsmen): Found in the Maval hills in Pune district, these hardy hillmen may seem semi civilized, yet they are arguably the Deccan's best hill and jungle troops, adept at ambushing or maneuvering around the enemy. Extremely vulnerable in the open field through. //Heavy Bonuses in Hills, Rains and Forests//
//Generic Indian Spearmen and Swordsmen, Levy, Tribal, Midgrade, and Elite

=Missiles
//Handcannon infantry, early firearm users, very short range
//Rocket Troops, Fire arrow launching infantry
//Habshi Javelinmen
//Koli Dhanudhari (Elite Tribal Archer) Like many tribal and other lower classes of India, Koli too have found themselves relegated into a wild existence in the forests or bonded labor. Thus, many took to the forest, and in the process became superb hunters. These archers continue that tradition, though are often difficult to recruit.
//Berad Archers, Expert Forest Archers
//Deccani Tirandaz (Deccani Archers): Though on foot and deprived of the glory of hand to hand combat, these are nonetheless important component of any army. Average morale and normal mentality.
//Telugu Archers
//Generic Indian Archers and Javelinmen, Levy, Tribal, Midgrade, and Elite

//Nafta Throwers
//Konkani Nafta Throwers

//Berad Musketmen, Late Era
//Habshi Musketmen, Late Era
//Indian Musketmen, Late Era
//Turkish Mercenary Gunners, Rare and Expensive Mercenaries
//Mamluk Musketmen, Rare and Expensive Mercenaries
//Jannisary Archers and Musketmen, Rare and Expensive Mercenaries




=BENGAL SULTANATE
-Bonus in Forests, Accustomed to Heat
-Good Missile and Seige Units
-Regional units, Indian Units/Tribal/Paik
-Diverse Afghan mercenaries and local troops
-Expensive cavalry due to the climate

=Heavy Cavalry
//Elephants, abundant elephants

=Medium Cavalry
//Bengali nobles, Good but rare Archer Cavalry
//Zamindar Cavalry, Horsemen Raised by Feudal Hindu Landowners
//Taluqdar Cavalry, Horsemen Raised by Feudal Muslim Landowners
//Mercenary Afghan Cavalry

=Light Cavalry
//Mercenary Light Afghan Cavalry
//Generic Indian Units, Light bow/javelin/lancer cav
//Mercenary Turkish Horse Archers
//Bengali Light Lancers
//Bengali mounted archers

=Infantry
//Sultan’s Guard, Very rare but elite unarmoured swordsmen
//Assam Swordsmen, lightly armoured two handed swordsmen
//Bengali Spearmen
//Generic Indian Spearmen and Swordsmen, Levy, Tribal, Midgrade, and Elite
//Mercenary Afghan Swordsmen and Spearmen

=Missile Units
//Sultan’s Guard (Archers), Very rare but elite unarmoured archers
(Late Era) //Bengali Musketeers, good musketmen
(Late Era) //Bengali sharpshooters, good sharpshooters
//Light Bengali Archers, excellent light archers
//Koch-Bihar Archers, Mercenary archers using poisoned arrows
(Late Era) //Koch-Bihar Crossbowmen
//North Indian Crossbow hunters
//Generic Indian Archers and Javelinmen, Levy, Tribal, Midgrade, and Elite
(Late Era) //Indian Musketmen, low grade/midgrade/uppergrade
//Rocket Troops, infantry armed with ban (fire arrow) launcers
(Late Era) //Bengal Rocket Troops, Afghan ban firing rocket men, Best rocket troops available
//Nafta Throwers, naptha grenades

Siege Units
//Ballista
//Catapult
//Trebuchet
//Rocket Rack, 9 barrel Ban (Fire Arrows) Launcher
//Early Indian Cannon, stone shot, non-explosive
//Later Indian Cannon, iron shot, explosive shells
//Bombard
//Grand Bombard
//Monster Bombard
//Basilisk
//Light Cannons/Field guns, late game
//Mortar and Howitzer, late game



=BIJAPUR
-regional units
-Beydur and Martha units available from start

-Early Cannons
-Beydur Spearmen
-Qizilbash Heavy Horse Archers

=Heavy Cavalry
//Sultani Khas-i-Khel (Elite Bodyguard Cavalry): These elite units represent the Deccan sultanates in a microcosm; made up of diverse recruits, from foreign stocks of Georgians, Turks, Habshis and Persians to the local Deccani Muslims and Hindu Marathas, Telangas and Kannadigas. However, what is standard is their loyalty to the Sultan and fighting prowess. Though as heavily armored as their norther counterparts, the Deccanis prefer swiftness over raw strength, wearing simple yet high quality light mail and quilted cotton jackets but no plates, and covering their steeds with felt and hardened cotton rather than mail.
//Heavy Indian Archer Cavalry
//Light Elephants, Archers
//Heavy Elephants, Muskets, Late Era
//Qizilbash Horse Archers, Elite Persian Mercenaries,

=Medium Cavalry
//Habshi Cavalry, Elite
//Sipah i Sultanat (Regular Cavalry); Average and cheap medium cavalry, raised locally. Average morale, though undisciplined. Never to be relied without good backup.
?//Mercenary Ahir Cavalry, Pastoral Nomads
//Merceanry Rohilla Cavalry, Late Era
//Mercenary Persian Lancers, Elite Mercenaries
//Mercenary Pashtun Sowar (Afghan Medium Cavalry) While many Afghans have founded royal dynasties in the north, their brethren haven't limited themselves only to the Indo Gangetic plains. Enterprising men looking for opportunities have found gainful employment among the Sultanates of the Deccan, who are always in chronic need for soldiers for their squabbles. These medium lancers are invaluable in adding a firm thrust behind the light screen of the local cavalrymen.
//Mercenary Mamluk Archer and Lancer Cavalry, Very rare and expensive mercenaries

=Light Cavalry
//Maratha Pathak Sowar :These superb light lancers excel at hit and run tactics, having both the speed and stamina to run rings around the enemy.
//Light Deccani Cavalry
//Generic Indian Units, Light bow/javelin/lancer cav
//Pindari Lancer Cavalry
//Deccani Pindari (Light Javelin Cavalry) The Pindaris are active in Central and Western India, however, they are outmatched by these rogues. A diverse bunch involving mainly Pathan and Maratha bands, these Pindari riders excel their northern counterparts as excellent predatory horse, having better stamina and melee combat skills. //Terrain bonus in Hills and Forests//
//Merceanry Pathan Sawar (Pathan Javelin Cavalry):Light Jav Cav, Undisciplined and average morale
//Mercenary Pashtun Light Cavalry
//Turkish Slave Archer Cavalry, elite and expensive but low upkeep
//Mercenary Turkish Horse Archers
//Mercenary Tartar Horse Archers
//Mercenary Musket Cavalry, Present at Battle of Goa, Afghan/Persian?


=Medium Infantry
//Indian Mailed Axemen
//Elite Habshi Spearmen and Swordsmen, Very rare and expensive
//Habshi Spearmen and Swordsmen (Abyssinian Slave Infantry): These towering men from Africa combine their raw strength with steely discipline. Wearing light mail and wielding straight infantry sword, this medium infantry unit is the elite of the battlefield. High Morale and Disciplined.
//Mercenary Afghan Spearmen (Pashtun Lashkari/Pathan Meduim Spearmen): While many Afghans serve as cavalrymen, in the Deccan, the hilly terrain and many arid and semi arid ranges of the Sahyadri hearken back to their similarly rugged homeland, thus they serve as excellent spearmen, defending the forts and the cities of the Sultan.

=Light Infantry
//Mercenary African Spear and Swordsmen
//Habshi Watchmen, Cheap Slave Spearmen
//Beydur Spearmen
//Maratha Mavle (Light Swordsmen): Found in the Maval hills in Pune district, these hardy hillmen may seem semi civilized, yet they are arguably the Deccan's best hill and jungle troops, adept at ambushing or maneuvering around the enemy. Extremely vulnerable in the open field through. //Heavy Bonuses in Hills, Rains and Forests//
//Generic Indian Spearmen and Swordsmen, Levy, Tribal, Midgrade, and Elite

=Missiles
//Handcannon infantry, early firearm users, very short range
//Rocket Troops, Fire arrow launching infantry
//Habshi Javelinmen
//Berad Archers, Expert Forest Archers
//Deccani Tirandaz (Deccani Archers): Though on foot and deprived of the glory of hand to hand combat, these are nonetheless important component of any army. Average morale and normal mentality.
//Mercenary African Javelinmen and Archers
//Merceanry Pashtun Archers and Javelinmen, Late era Musketmen
//Generic Indian Archers and Javelinmen, Levy, Tribal, Midgrade, and Elite

//Nafta Throwers

//Steel Crossbowmen, Late Era mercenaries, used at battle of Talikota
//Karnataki Sharpshooters
//Marathi Musketmen, Good light musketmen, Late Era
//Berad Musketmen, Excellent Forest Skirmishers, Late Era
//Habshi Musketmen, Elite Musketmen, Late Era
//Indian Musketmen, Late Era
//Turkish Mercenary Gunners, Elite but Rare and Expensive Mercenaries
//Mamluk Musketmen, Elite but very Rare and Expensive Mercenaries
//Jannisary Archers and Musketmen, Elite but very Rare and Expensive Mercenaries

=Siege
//Indian Bombard
//Mercenary Turkish Cannon



=BERAR
-A mix of Gond and Golconda Rosters



=DELHI SULTANATE, Good cavalry, lot of slave cav
-Regional Units, Paiks/Indians
-Afghan/Indian/Bengali(Purbiya?) Units from Start

Heavy Cavalry
//Jandars (Bodyguards): 'Givers of Lives', these are the most trusted warriors of the Sultan, ready to always, as their name suggests, give their lives for the glory of the Sultan. Elite Heavy Cavalry, Disciplined and High Morale.
//Khas i Khail Ghulam, Elite Heavy Slave Cav
//Jagirdari Sawar (Noble Cavaliers): Brash Heavy Cavalry, these nobles are proud cavalrymen, confident in both their skill and expensive equipment. Average Standard Heavy Cavalry, impetuous with good morale.

Medium Cavalry
//Lodhi Tabur Sawar (Lodhi Clan Cavalry): Best Medium Melee Cavalry, these traditional Lodhi clansmen were the backbone of Lodhi takeover. Disciplined with high morale. Light Mail and Lance.
/Pashtun Medium Cav, Light Chainmail lancers
/Ghulam Medium Lancers
/Sipahi, regular medium cav
-Sipahi Lancer
-Sipahi Archer
/Medium Gakhar Cavalry
/Medium Khokar Cavalry

Light Cavalry
//Turkish Slave Archer Cav
//Light Afghan Sword Cav
//Pathan Light Javelin Cav
//Talaya, Vanguard Scout Cavalry, Elite light archers used for scouting and raiding
//Generic Indian Units, Light bow/javelin/lancer cav

Infantry:
//Sultan's Foot Guard, Heavy Spearmen
//Medium Afghan Spearmen
//Barha Sayyid Talwarbaz (Barha Sayyid Swordsmen): A famed Hindustani Muslim group in the Indo-Gangetic. These are crack swordsmen, taking inspiration from local Gangetic traditions of dismounted Kshatriya warfare, combining it with their great zeal and pride as descendants of the great Prophet himself. However, their great pride does make them difficult to control. High Morale and impetuous heavy infantry.
//Generic Indian Spearmen and Swordsmen, Levy, Tribal, Midgrade, and Elite

Missile Infantry
//Huigm Andazi, Master Archers
//Teerandaz (Bowmen): Good bowmen, though vulnerable in melee. These are drawn from a diverse background, a grade above spearmen (save for the Royal Foot Guard) these are well paid and motivated soldiers.



=GARHA
-Levy Gond spearmen
-Gond Archers
//Generic Indian Spearmen and Swordsmen, Levy, Tribal, Midgrade, and Elite



=GOLCONDA, Telugu Infantry
-Telugu Spearmen
-Telugu Archers
//Generic Indian Spearmen and Swordsmen, Levy, Tribal, Midgrade, and Elite



=GUJARAT SULTANATE (Sultanat i Gujarat)

-Muslim Rajput Nobles, Habshi Slaves. Ottoman, Venetian, and Mamluk Mercenaries, as well as the standard African, Turkish, Afghan Mercenaries that are available in abundance through out India, as well as the less common Sindh/Elite Koli Archers/Persian/Arabian/Khorasan Heavy Cavalry/Tartar/Uzbek/Mongol Mercenaries

-Good access to horses, bonus in deserts


Heavy Cavalry

//Elephants, Normal Unarmored elephants, however lower upkeep and more recruitment availability and replenishment thanks to the Gir Forests of Southern Gujarat.

//Jandars (Bodyguards): 'Givers of Lives'. Elite Heavy Cavalry, Disciplined and High Morale.
//Khanzada Jagirdars (Khanzada Noble Cavalry): These chieftains may have converted to Islam, however they have retained their Rajput tradition of Kshatriya idealism and warrior code. Combining their Rajput traditions with influences of the Furusiyya code (Arab noble code) and Persianate traditions, these cavalrymen are superb heavy lancers with high morale (from their Rajput heritage) and highly disciplined (Furusiyya and Persianate traditions).
They are a mix between the Rajputana Heavy Cavalry and the Persianate Ghulam, however, they are not as good as their Rajputana counterparts in melee, and are more expensive and limited in recruitment and replenishment than Ghulams due to caste restrictions and aristocratic pretensions.
//Khurasani Askari (Khurasan Heavy Cavalry): The wealth of Gujarat attracts the finest of warriors. The Sultan of Gujarat hires these regiments to augment his own household and chieftains' troops by giving them honored stations. For their part these warriors are well motivated to serve as best as they can. Heavy Lance Cavalry with Good Morale and Disciplined.Again limited recruitment with long replenishment period and expensive, however, cheaper than the Khanzada Jagirdars

Medium Cavalry

//Ahir Cavalry, Good medium cavalry recruited from the nomadic Ahir caste

//Sipahi Chainmail Lancers, These men are the backbone of the Gujarati Army.
//Samanta Ashwaka (Local Feudal Cavalry): Well armed and equipped, these petty chiefs hold sway over the rural countryside of Gujarat. However, lacking in any formal training or coherent tradition, these troops lack discipline and are not the most reliable in a crisis situation. Average morale and not particularly disciplined either ('normal').

Light Cavalry

//Khanzada Baraccha Sawar (Khanzada Lancers): Just as not all Rajputs were wealthy cavaliers, their Muslim brethren, too had their less affluent lot. However, many of these men soon embarked upon a martial career, as dashing riders adept at making quick attacks and catching enemy by surprise. These lancers soon became a famous cavalry 'caste' renowned cavaliers, excellently mounted on their equally famous native Kathiawari horses. Good Morale and Disciplined. //Excellent charge, though average in melee. Best to avoid prolonged melee, and engage in cycle charges or flank and rear charge.
//Gujjar Ashwaka (Gujjar Cavalry): Light Javelin Cavalry
//Ekanda Ashwaka (Levy Cavalry):Gujarati Auxiliary Cavalry, light lancers
//Generic Indian Units, Light bow/javelin/lancer cav
//Mercenary Turkish Horse Archers


Infantry

//Habshi Ghulam Paik (Abyssinian Slave Infantry): chainmail swordsmen
//Khanzada Jagirdari Paik (Dismounted Nobles): In times of great distress, when retreat is no longer an option, nobles often dismount and ready themselves for a desperate stand. Good Heavy Infantry with High Morale, though Impetuous.A lesser version of the Rajput Saka Yodha and Barha Sayid Talwarbaz
//Talwarbaz (Swordsmen):chainmail swordsmen
//Generic Indian Spearmen and Swordsmen, Levy, Tribal, Midgrade, and Elite
//Jat Spearmen
//Gujarati Levy Spearmen

Missiles
//Tirandaz (Archers): Though on foot and deprived of the glory of hand to hand combat, these are nonetheless important component of any army. Average morale and normal mentality.
//Arabi Bandooqbaz (Arab Musketeers): These Arab mercenaries have a stellar reputation in India as consummate professionals, brave and resourceful in equal measure. While primarily musketeers, these men are superb at close combat as well, wielding the iconic Arabi scimitars (Saif Swords). These versatile units are one of the most sort after soldiers in all of India. High Morale and Disciplined. //Elite units, however available in very limited quantity//




=ZAMOURIN OF CALLICUT (KOZHIKODE)
-Nairs (Nayars), Lightly amoured but high morale, forest bonus
-No Heavy Cavalry or Infantry
-Bonus in Forests, Accustomed to Heat
-Regional units, Indian Units/Tribal/Paik
-Expensive and very rare cavalry due to the climate
-Very few Mercenaries

Heavy Cavalry
//Native Elephants
//Generic indian heavy cavalry, lancer and bow cav

Medium Cavalry
//Mercenary Medium Afghan Cavalry and Musket Cavalry, very rare
//Generic indian mailed lancer

Light Cavalry
//Nair Cavalry, Good light cavalry riding expensive imported Arabian horses, javelin thrown on charge
//Generic Indian Units, Light bow/javelin/lancer cav, very low replenishment rate due to the Malabar coast being unsuited to cavalry


Heavy Infantry
...
Medium Infantry
//Rare Ottoman Janissary Halberdiers
//Mapilla Muslim Swordsmen

Light Infantry
//Elite Nair Spearmen and Swordsmen, leather armor
//Nair Spearmen and Swordsmen
//Nair Levy Spearmen
//Malabrese Tribal Warriors like the local Adivasi, axe and club wielding mountain men who claim to be the true natives of Malabar
//Generic Indian Units, levy/tribal/midgrade/elite Swordsmen/Spearmen

Missile Infantry
//Rare Ottoman Janissary Musketmen and Archers
//Nafta Throwers
//Kurichiya Archers, Elite light tribal archers, good at ambushing
//Nair Archers and Spear Thowers and Musketmen, light armor, high morale, good at melee
//Mapilla Muslim Musketmen
//Karnataki Sharpshooters
//Generic Indian Units, levy/Tribal/regular/elite, Archers, Javelinmen
//Rocket Troops
(Late Era) //Indian Musketmen, lowgrade/midgrade/uppergrade

Siege Units
//Traditional Siege Weapons, Ballista/Catapult/Trebuchet were very uncommon
//Fire Arrow Launchers, The Zamourin fielded expert rocket users
//Heavy Siege Cannons, mostly used to defend cities
//Mercenary Turkish Cannon Crew
//Improved Artillery upon capturing better cannon factories from Portugal/Bijapur etc

Navy
//Ottoman Galley, The Zamourin was graced with Venetian and Ottoman naval help
//Muslim Trading Ships, low upkeep ships crewed by Muslim Mapilla and Marakkar sailors eager to protect their trade lanes



=MALWA SULTANATE
-Well balanced mixture of Pashtun, Hindustani Muslim, Rajputana, Purabhiya and Gond units
-Cavalry is mostly imported from either foreign lands or Rajputana, Gujarat and Deccan
-Elephants are available in eastern Malwa bordering the forested areas of Gond.

Heavy Cavalry
//Sultani Hathi Dusta (Royal Elephant Guard): Ample wealth and forest cover, especially in the eastern portion, means that the Sultans Malwa can afford to ride on the magnificent elephants into battle. Richly caparisoned and armored, these juggernauts are impressive to behold, yet very expensive.
//Hathi Dusta (Elephant Troop): Easy access to elephants and better handlers give Malwa an edge of over their rivals in Delhi, Rajputana, Gujarat and the Deccani Sultanate. Though inferior to the ones used by Gondwana, Gajapatis and the Bengal Sultanates.
//Jagirdari Sowar (Noble Cavalry): Like other standard Jagirdari Heavy Cavalry.
//Rajput Sardar Sowar (Rajput Chiefs): Lesser versions of their Rajputana counterparts, these Rajputs have lesser morale than the ones serving a Rajput ruler, however, when used properly, these are still excellent lancers.

Medium Cavalry
//Afghan Medium Cav
//Purabhiya Sowar (Eastern Rajput Cavalry):
//Generic Medium Indian Lancers
//Sipahi (Regular Cavalry); Local Medium Cav

Light Cavalry
//Mercenary Turkish Horse Archers
//Generic Indian Units, Light bow/javelin/lancer cav
//Pathan Sawar (Pathan Javelin Cavalry):Light Jav Cav, Undisciplined and average morale
//Pashtun Light Cavalry
//Khanzada Baraccha Sawar (Rajput Khanzada Lancers): Just as not all Rajputs were wealthy cavaliers, their Muslim brethren, too had their less affluent lot. However, many of these men soon embarked upon a martial career, as dashing riders adept at making quick attacks and catching enemy by surprise. These lancers soon became a famous cavalry 'caste' renowned cavaliers, excellently mounted on their equally famous native Kathiawari horses. Good Morale and Disciplined. //Excellent charge, though average in melee. Best to avoid prolonged melee, and engage in cycle charges or flank and rear charge.

Heavy Infantry
...

Medium Infantry
//Harem Guard Amazons, 1000 Turk and African Slave Spearwomen who guarded the Malwa sultans Harem
//Pashtun Medium Spearmen and Swordsmen
//Purbiya Spearmen
//Purbiya Talwarbaz
//Pathan Talwarbaz (Pathan Swordsmen): These stalwart infantrymen, armored in mail and wielding the iconic talwar. They combine the rugged hardiness of their Afghan heritage with the renowned swordsmanship of Hindustan. Heavy Infantry with great stamina and speed, second only to the Rajput Saka Yodha, however more disciplined.
//Purabhiya Paik (Eastern Rajput Infantry): The old fashioned Kshatriyas who still excel as elite infantrymen, these men of the east, follow the ancient style of fighting dismounted, armed with spear and shield. They are disciplined and have great stamina, though they don lighter armor compared to their western cousins of the Rajputana. //Excellent Medium Spearmen, good counter to cavalry.

Light Infantry
//Jat Spearmen
//Generic Indian Units, levy/tribal/midgrade/elite Swordsmen/Spearmen

Missile Infantry
//Tirandaz (Archers): Though on foot and deprived of the glory of hand to hand combat, these are nonetheless important component of any army. Average morale and normal mentality.
//Purbiya Musketmen
//Generic Indian Units, levy/Tribal/regular/elite, Archers, Javelinmen
//Rocket Troops
(Late Era) //Indian Musketmen, lowgrade/midgrade/uppergrade

//Siege Units
//Navy



=MARWAR, WORK IN PROGRESS
-Rathore Rajput Cavalry, high morale
-Rajput Camel Musketmen, late game unit
-Rajput Camel Spearmen, scares horses, bonus in deserts
-Camel Auxiliary Spear and Archers, local non-rajput soldiers on camels
-Rajput Musketeers, late game unit
-Elite Rajput Musketeers, present at siege of Chittor
-Rajput Heavy Naffutan Throwers, source?



=MEWAR RAJPUTS, excellent cavalry, lacking in heavy infantry, mercenaries, and gunpowder

Heavy Cavalry
//Sisodiya Rajashwaka (Sisodiya Royal Cavalry): The kinsmen of the Maharana, these Cavaliers are some of the finest warriors in India. Elite Heavy Cavalry, well armored with plate and mail, these are superb lancers and swordsmen (Khanda Broadsword). Extremely High Morale but impetuous.
//Hada Rajput Heavy Lancers, Vassal Cavalry
//Rathore Rajput Mandalik (Merta Rajput Vassal): Often regarded as arguably the bravest clan, if a bit mad. Stories abound of Rathore ferocity in the face of hopeless odd, and eventually even beating such odds. Heavy Lance Cavalry, extremely High Morale and impetuous.
//Mewar Samanta Ashwaka (Mewar Vassal Cavalry): Recruited from the premier houses of Maharana's own districts. These men and their retinue, along with the Rana's Sissodiya retinue, have the honor of representing the ancient fiefs of Kumbhalgarh and Chittorgarh.
//Kachchwaha Rajput Mandalik (Kachchwaha Rajput Vassals) Good Morale and impetuous Heavy Lance Cavalry.

Medium Cavalry
//Rajput Samanta Ashwaka (Local Vassals): Lesser Rajput Houses often join in to support their more illustrious relations as means to raise their own standing by great deeds on the field of battle. Though some times they are too eager for their own good. Good Morale but Impetuous, Mail armored medium lance cavalry. //These will match the Afghan Elite Medium Cavalry in stats, but will lack their discipline//
//Rajput Dhanudhari Ashwaka (Rajput Horse Archers): The Rajputs preferred fighting up close, yet they had great proficiency over weapon of 'Arjuna'. These mailed medium horse archers, are versatile units, excelling both at archery and melee. Good morale, however are impetuous, thus lessening their utility as horse archers.
//Bhumiyar Samanta (Non Rajput Nobles): While not Rajputs, these are High Caste nobles still who have been granted land by the Maharana. And so they are duty bound to provide armed support. These mailed medium lancer cavalrymen look to imitate their Rajput counterparts. Average Morale, though disciplined.

//Rajput Camel Musketmen, late game unit
//Rajput Camel Spearmen, scares horses, bonus in deserts
//Purbiya Cavalry

Light Cavalry
//Gujjar Barachha Ashwaka (Gujjar Cavalry):Light Jav Cav, Average Morale
//Ekanda Ashwaka (Levy Cavalry): Not belonging to any group or tradition, or simply too poor to have any equipment. These men come alone (ekka) and are given rudimentary equipment by the State muster. Many are willing to prove themselves for more opportunity, but most lack the training or the means to do so. Average Morale, poor discipline, with just a lance, and no armor.

//Camel Auxiliary Spear and Archers, local non-rajput soldiers on camels

Heavy Infantry
//Rajput Saka Yodha (Rajput Ritual Warrior): Though Rajputs mostly do not fight on foot, they nonetheless do so, when left with no alternative but to win or die honorably. Saka is that ancient tradition of victory or honorable suicide. Thus, to avoid fleeing, these heavy mailed infantry men, with sturdy bucklers and heavy broadswords (Khanda) charge into battle seeking glory or death. Elite Heavy Infantry with Locked High Morale and Impetuous state of mind.


Medium Infantry
//Purabhiya Paika (Eastern Infantry): Often seen as lesser Kshatriya cousins, having lost their lands to the Muslims in the Turkic invasions. They now serve their Western cousins, though often discontented at being treated unequally. Although not great horsemen, they are nonetheless good medium infantry, having enough income to be outfitted befitting a Kshatriya, thus being mail armored and wielding deadly maces and axes. Average morale and disciplined.
//Purbiya Medium Swordsmen
//Purbiya Talwarbaz, chainmail swordsmen

Light Infantry
//Jaat Bhala Paika (Jaat Spearmen): Hardy agricultural caste, however, due to the Rajputs' lack of interest in infantry, they are modestly armored, wearing only quilted cotton or leather. This neglect is also felt in the ranks. These are good against cavalry in extended melee, being spearmen, but still prone to routing due less armor and morale.

Missile Units
//Heavy Rajput Naffta Throwers
//Rajput Musketeers
//Rajput Elite Musketmen
//Purbiya Musketmen
//Bhil Tribal Archers

Siege

Navy



=MUGHAL EMPIRE (Silsila i Gurkaniyya)


Heavy Cavalry
(Late Era) //Ahadis Bodyguard Cavalry
(Late Era) //Mansabdari Heavy Cavalry
(Late Era) //Rajput Vassal Cavalry
(Late Era) //Generic Indian Heavy lancer and archer cav

Medium Cavalry
//Herat Slave Cavalry, expensive but capable melee cavalry
//Keshik (Early Mughal Bodyguard): Originally assigned as Guards of Mongol Khans and their important Generals, this institution developed as Princely Household Retinues for Turco Mongol Warlords. The Mughals are no different. Well armored in mail, these superb horsemen excel both as archers and melee fighters, a perfect unit for guarding the Commander. Excellent Discipline and High Morale.
//Mughalia Qurchi (Mughal Medium Cavalry): Excellent medium mail armored horse archer, and more than competent in melee as well. These are backbone of the Mughal army, versatile units that are equally home at skirmishing or charging a weakened foe. High Morale and discipline.
//Mughali Sipahi (Mughal Medium Lance Cavalry): Average medium mail armored lance cavalry. Used mainly to compliment the Horse Archers. Average Melee, though good charge. Good Discipline and Morale
(Late Era) //Rajput Vassal Cavalry
(Late Era) //Purbiya Sowar
(Late Era) //Rajput Vassal Lancers
//Qizilbash Horse Archers
(Late Era) //Silhedar Sowar
(Late Era) //Generic Indian Medium Lancer


Light Cavalry
//Qazzaki (Traditional Mongol Horse Archer): Light Cavalry and Horse Archer par excellence, these hardy cavalrymen have dominated warfare since the days of Chingis Khan, and even with modern inventions, they are still one of the most dangerous units, subjecting the enemy to a hail of arrows while riding rings round them. High Morale and Excellent Discipline.
?//Turkish Slave Archer Cavalry
//Tribal Turkish Archer Cavalry
//Mercenary Turkish Archer Cavalry
//Baluch Sowar (Balichi Lancers): Superb Light lancers, bonus in deserts
//Pashtun Sowar (Pashtun Light Cavalry):. Light Lancer with good morale and discipline, bonus in deserts
//Tajik Sowar (Tajik Javelin Cavalry): Valuable mounted skirmishers, decent in melee. Good Morale and Discipline.
(Late Era) //Camel Zamburak/Jingall, Light Artillery
//Camel Spearmen and Musketmen
(Late Era) //Rajput Vassal Cavalry
(Late Era) //Rajput Camel Cavalry
(Late Era) //Marathan Horsemen
(Late Era) //Generic Indian Units, Light bow/javelin/lancer cav


Heavy Infantry

//Dakhili Archers and Musketmen
(Late Era) //Barha Sayyid Talwarbaz (Barha Sayyid Swordsmen): A famed Hindustani Muslim group in the Indo-Gangetic. These are crack swordsmen, taking inspiration from local Gangetic traditions of dismounted Kshatriya warfare, combining it with their great zeal and pride as descendants of the great Prophet himself. However, their great pride does make them difficult to control. High Morale and impetuous heavy infantry

Medium Infantry
//Afghan Infantry, spear/swords/axes
(Late Era) //Mughali Shamsherbaz (Mughal Medium Sowrdsman): Expert Swordsman, well armored in medium mail. Best used to protect the ranged units. Vulnerable to heavy charges though. Good Morale and Discipline.
(Late Era) //Pashtun Medium Spearmen and Swordsmen
(Late Era) //Purbiya Spearmen
(Late Era) //Purbiya Talwarbaz
(Late Era) //Pathan Talwarbaz (Pathan Swordsmen): These stalwart infantrymen, armored in mail and wielding the iconic talwar. They combine the rugged hardiness of their Afghan heritage with the renowned swordsmanship of Hindustan. Heavy Infantry with great stamina and speed, second only to the Rajput Saka Yodha, however more disciplined.
(Late Era) //Purabhiya Paik (Eastern Rajput Infantry): The old fashioned Kshatriyas who still excel as elite infantrymen, these men of the east, follow the ancient style of fighting dismounted, armed with spear and shield. They are disciplined and have great stamina, though they don lighter armor compared to their western cousins of the Rajputana. //Excellent Medium Spearmen, good counter to cavalry.

Light Infantry
(Late Era) //Naga Sadhu Swordsmen and Spearmen, naked fanatic Hindu infantry
//Generic Afghan Infantry, Spearmen/Talwarbaz
//Jat Spearmen?
(Late Era) //Conscripted Spearmen, All males 15-40 must serve under Akbar
(Late Era) //Chela Spearmen (Hindu Slave Soldiers), high morale, low upkeep but poorly armoured slave soldiers
(Late Era) //Generic Indian Units, levy/tribal/midgrade/elite Swordsmen/Spearmen

Missiles
//Turkish Gunners, An early gift from the Ottomans
//Afghan Archers, levy and midgrade
//Pashtun Qabail Lashkar (Pashtun Tribal Regiment): Superb javelin-men and expert ambushers.Good Discipline and Morale.
(Late Era) //Mughalia Teerandaz (Mughal Archers): Excellent and well trained archers, good morale and disciplined.
(Late Era) //Mughal Sepoy Musketmen, Lowlevel musketmen with light cloth armour
(Late Era) //Shah-Ala Regiment, (Mughal Elite Musketmen)
(Late Era) //Mughal Rocket Troops, Well trained rocket troops
(Late Era) //Bhil Tribal Archers
(Late Era) //Bengali Rocket Troops, recruited from the Afghans of Bengali who were said to be expert users of rockets
(Late Era) //Purbiya Musketmen, Excellent musketmen with medium leather or light chainmail armour
(Late Era) //Indian Muslim Archers, Native archers with turkish bows and light cloth armour
//Naffatun Throwers, small unit with short range nafta pots
(Late Era) //Mughal Naffatun Throwers, well trained nafta throwers
//Rocket Troops
(Late Era) //Generic Indian Archers and Javelinmen, Levy, Tribal, Midgrade, and Elite
(Late Era) //Indian Musketmen, low grade/Midgrade/upper grade
?(Late Era) //Rohilla Riflemen, late game mercenary
?(Late Era) //Mercenary Portuguese Musketmen
//Charkh Crossbowmen, Afghan crossbow mercs

//Navy
-Dhow, small trading ship
-Cannon Dhow
-Baghlah (Arabic) and Ganjah (Indian), larger versions of the Dhow
-Cannon Baghlah and Ganjah

//Siege, Mostly manned by untrained Purbiya infantry
=Artillery in Babur's Time, only stone shot, Akbar used brass/iron shells allowing for explosive shells
//Turkish Cannons, Gifted early by the Ottomans to deal with the Delhi Sultanate and Rajputs
(Late Era) //Zarb-Zan, 4-6 pounder light cannon
//Kazan, 30-50 pound heavy cannon
//Kazan-I-Bozorg, up 100 pounds or more
(Late Era) //Firingi, swivel/antipersonel guns
(Late Era) //Deg, Mortar
//Rocket Rack, 9 barrel fire arrow launcher
//Monster Rocket Launcher, massive multi-barreled fire arrow launcher
(Late Era) //Elephant Artillery, light cannons mounted on deafened elephants




=ORISSA, WORK IN PROGRESS, -Poor Cavalry and Gunpowder, No Heavies/+Lots of Eastern Elephants, good light jungle infantry.


=Heavy Cavalry
//Elephants, Excellent access to Eastern Elephants

=Medium Cavalry
//Bengali Light Lancers
//Bengali mounted archers

=Light Cavalry
//Generic Indian Units, Light bow/javelin/lancer cav
//Orissan Light Cavalry, low level cavalry on native indian ponies

=Infantry
//Orrisan Medium Spearmen
//Elite Orissan Medium Spearmen (Dandasena Paika), excellent spearmen used as frontier guards
//Orissan Heavy Spearmen (Aguanithata Paika)
//Orissan Clubmen (Pradhanavala Paika), mace weilding chainmail soldiers, forming the core of Orissa infantry
//Generic Indian Spearmen and Swordsmen, Levy, Tribal, Midgrade, and Elite


=Missile Units
//Vanguard Archers (Hantakarudala), excellent archers armed with axes, extra bonus in forests
//Light Bengali Archer Mercenaries, excellent light archers
//Generic Indian Archers and Javelinmen, Levy, Tribal, Midgrade, and Elite
(Late Era) //Indian Musketmen, low grade/midgrade/uppergrade
//Rocket Troops, infantry armed with ban (fire arrow) launcers






=PORTUGAL, WORK IN PROGRESS

=Heavy Cavalry
//Portuguese Heavy Plated Knights
//Conquistadors, heavy lancers
//Portuguese Men at Arms

=Medium Cavalry
//Mounted Musketmen
//Mounted Crossbowmen

=Light Cavalry
//Native Indian 'Sepoy' Lancer Cavalry


=Heavy Infantry
//Heavy Pikemen
//Halberd Guardsmen
//German Zweihander

=Medium Infantry
//Pikemen
//Halberdiers
//Sword and Bukler men (Rodeleros)

=Light Infantry
//Handpicked Nair Spearmen
//Nair Spearmen
//African Combat Slaves
//Local troops, Gujarat Lascarin Spearmen,etc

=Missiles
//Indian Archers and Javelinmen, tribal and midgrade troops
//Nair Archers and Javelinmen
//Sepoy Musketmen
//Slave Musketmen
//Swiss Crossbowmen/Musketmen
//German Musketmen
//Portuguese Arquebusiers
//Portuguese Grenadiers
//Portuguese Marines, late game unit
//Elite Portuguese Sharpshooters
//Goan Longbowmen
(Late Era) //Mestizo Musketmen



=VIJAYANAGARAN EMPIRE

=Heavy Cavalry
//Elephant Bodyguard
//Elephants, good availability from eastern provinces

=Medium Cavalry
//Medium Indian Noble Cavalry (Emperor's Bodyguard)
//Medium Indian Nayak Noble Cavalry (General's Bodyguard)
//Palace Guard Cavalry, elite medium cavalry
//Mercenary Medium Afghan Cavalry
//Mercenary Persian Lancers, excellent mercenaries, rare
//Mercenary Arabian Lancers, rare but elite mercenaries, very expensive
//Vanguard Archer Cavalry

=Light Cavalry
//Indian Light Cavalry
//Telugu Cavalry
//Mercenary Badaga Cavalry
//Halepaika Light Cavalry, good, for southern standards, spear cavalry recruited from the Halepaika Indian military caste, decent charge and morale
//Poligar Cavalry
//Nayak Cavalry, the best native cavalry in southern India
//Mercenary Light Afghan Cavalry

//Indian Javelin Cavalry
//Indian Archer Cavalry
//Komarpant Light Archer Cavalry, A social group, originally from the Keladi Nayaka Kingdom, known for their horsemanship and archery


=Heavy Infantry
-NONE


=Medium Infantry
//Royal Macemen, light chainmail wearing palace guards
//Chitradurga Axemen, light chainmail wearing axemen
//Mysore Poligar Spearmen
//Indian Mailed Swordsmen

=Light Infantry
//Levy Indian Spearmen
//Tribal Indian Spearmen
//Indian Spearmen
//Telugu Spearmen
//Indian Kshatriya Spearmen
//Elite Indian Spearmen

//Indian Swordsmen, A near rabble of lightly armoured swordsmen
//Indian 'Sheildbearers', Unarmored swordsmen with large sheilds
//Badaga Swordsmen
//Nadavaru Spearmen
//Indian Kshatriya Swordsmen
//Elite Indian Swordsmen

//Indian Garrison Axemen


=Missile Infantry
//Indian Archers and Javelinmen, Levy, Tribal, Midgrade, and Elite
//Muslim Archers
//Royal Guard Archers, elite archers with axes
//Moorish Javelinmen, only available from the Moorish quarter of the Capital and Madurai
//Elite Mercenary Berad Archers


=Gunpowder Infantry
//Rocket Troops, infantry armed with ban (fire arrow) launchers
//First Musket Regiment, early era musketmen
//Mercenary Berad Musketmen, Expert skirmishers and among the first of the native Indians to use firearms
//Mercenary Portuguese Musketmen, Rare and expensive but the best early firearm users in India, high morale, good armour, although they tire quickly under the hot Indian sun.
=(Late Era Gunpowder Infantry)
//Indian Musketmen
//Indian Sharpshooters
//Mercenary Arab Musketmen


=Siege Equipment
//Ballista
//'Ban' Launcher, A simple rack firing long range rocket powered arrows
//Catapults
//Trebuchet
//Mercenary Portuguese Cannon
=(Late Era Siege Equipment)
//Cannons
//Bombard
//Grand Bombard
//Mercenary Turkish Cannon Crew






=Random Mercenaries
-Sindh Archers
-Tibetain Heavy Lancers
-Tibetain Marksmen
-Dzong Guard Infantry
-Shri Lankan Sharpshooters
-Assam Swordsmen
-Kamrup Archers
-Dzong Guard Infantry
-Ahir Cavalry

Comments  (0 - 50 of 165)
Guest
Guest

Thank you soooo much for doing this! India is criminally underrepresented in Total War games. As far as I know, the only game that let's you play an Indian faction is Empire Total War.

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KingKorgoth Author
KingKorgoth

You Are Welcome! I was surprised an Indian mod hadn't been done before. I wanted to do an Asian Total war mod at first but that was too ambitious so here we are.

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Sir_Cloudy
Sir_Cloudy

ZAMOURIN OF CALLICUT (KOZHIKODE)
-Nairs (Nayars), Lightly amoured but high morale, forest bonus
(These are the basic units. There were 10s of 1000s of nairs under local chieftains working for the zamorin.
There were several families of nairs who were better swordsmen with better leather armour than the regular nairs which could be implemented in the game.)

-No Heavy Cavalry or Infantry
(Keralite kingdoms never had any cavalry at all except maybe a few nominal jav cav.)

-Bonus in Forests, Accustomed to Heat
-Regional units, Indian Units/Tribal/Paik
(There were several tribal units fighting for the king- an example could be the ‘adivasi’ who lived up in the mountains, who were the original inhabitants of the land. These could be armed with giant clubs called ‘gaddhas’ or axes called ‘kodali’. These peoples skin colour were similar to the africans and is now known as ‘negritos’.)
(There could also be tigercloaks – men who hunted and killed tigers or leopards and wore their skin into battle - these were seen in mysore army if u have read ‘sharpe’s tiger’ by Bernard cornwell’).

-Expensive cavalry due to the climate
(There was little to no cavalry in the zamorins army)

Heavy Cavalry
//Native Elephants
(zamorins armies fielded hundreds of light elephants which could be made cheaper in the mod to recruit)

Medium Cavalry
//Mercenary Medium Afghan Cavalry
(Little to no cavalry)
Light Cavalry
//Nair Cavalry, Good light cavalry riding expensive imported Arabian horses
(this could be the nominal jav cav)

//Mercenary Light Afghan Cavalry
(afghan cavalry rarely got this far down to the south, so this wouldn’t be seen)

//Mercenary Turkish Horse Archers
//Generic Indian Units, Light Cavalry, Light Jav Cav, Light Archer Cav
(Keralite armies never fielded horse archers as the terrain was unsuitable for cavalry in general. Filled with rivers and hills and forests, cavalry was unsuitable in kerala)

Heavy Infantry
(there could be a western trained line infantry like the one that was trained for the kingdom of venad by ‘Eustacius de lannoy’ after the battle of kolachel in 1741.)
(The infantry could be split according to the weapons:
Uraval pada – swordsmen
Kuntha pada – spearmen
Kuthira pada – horse men)
(There was a whip like sword called urumi which were used by the most skilled in the arts of kalarippayattu – but I have no idea how the animation can be coded in to the game)
...
Medium Infantry
//Rare Ottoman Janissary Halberdiers
//Mercenary Afghan Swordsmen and Spearmen?
(mercenaries were rare in kerala due to the location)
(one option would be to look into religious armies ;
Hindus excelled in light swordsmanship
Muslims usually made up the heavy infantry role with better armour due to trade.
Christians were also light swordsmen but weren’t that great. They made better musketeers.)

Light Infantry
//Elite Nair Spearmen and Swordsmen
//Nair Spearmen and Swordsmen
//Nair Levy Spearmen
//Malabrese Tribal Warriors ( I could help with finding a range of tribe names to have better variety)
//Tribal Spearmen and Axemen and Swordsmen
//Paik Levy Spearmen
//Generic Indian Units, Swordsmen/Spearmen

Missile Infantry
//Rare Ottoman Janissary Musketmen and Archers
//Mercenary Turkish Gunners and Archers
//Kurichiya Archers, Elite light tribal archers, good at ambushing
//Nair Archers and Spear Thowers and Musketmen, light armor, high morale, good at melee
//Mapilla Muslim Musketmen
//Karnataki Sharpshooters
//Generic Indian Units, Indian Archers/Javelinmen/Swordsmen/Spearmen/Musketmen/Sharpshooters/Rocket Troops
//Paik Levy Archers and Javelinmen, late game Paik Musketmen
//Tribal Units, Archers and Javelinmen
(there could be grenade throwers as this were quite common in the early armies.
Siege Units
//Traditional Siege Weapons, Ballista/Catapult/Trebuchet
//Fire Arrow Launchers
//Heavy Siege Cannons
//Mercenary Turkish Cannon Crew
//Improved Artillery upon capturing better cannon factories from Portugal/Bijapur etc
(they never used catapults or trebuchets.it would be better to stick to ladders. on the other hand, they were experts in the use of rockets.)
Navy
//Ottoman Galley, The Zamourin was graced with Ottoman naval help (Egyptian)
//Muslim Trading Ships, low upkeep ships crewed by Muslim Mapilla and Marakkar sailors eager to protect their trade lanes

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Sir_Cloudy
Sir_Cloudy

hi this is lionheartofengland, had to make a new account - forgot the old password... my opinions are highlighted via brackets.
i will research more and come up with a better roster.

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KingKorgoth Author
KingKorgoth

Looks good! Thank you! I'll do some more research too and see what i can find

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KingKorgoth Author
KingKorgoth

Raahhhhh Aside from the Chavur suicide squads how do you think the Tranvacore/Venad army would differ from the Zamourin's

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lionheartofengland
lionheartofengland

KingKorgoth Hi, sorry for the late reply just saw this. The main difference is the religious difference. The Zamorin recruited 1000s of muslim soldiers from the north and settled them in the southern areas of his kingdom. So Armies of zamorin would contain a high number of muslim soldiers. Travancore army would be predominantly hindu with a scattering of christian units as they were friendly with the western powers and even had a line infantry trained in the western ways.

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KingKorgoth Author
KingKorgoth

lionheartofengland No worries! thanks for the info

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Guest
Guest

wouldnt rajputs have fought with camels? indian army patrolling the desert border between pakistan in rajasthan uses camels.

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KingKorgoth Author
KingKorgoth

You are correct, thanks for pointing that out, the rajputs still need quite a bit of work

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lionheartofengland
lionheartofengland

Rajput camel archer (it was me who posted above):
Rajputcommunity.in

it also shows camel lancers. I just wanted to highlight a quote "Horses were trained to stand firmly before artillery fire and charge into armies wielding firearms, while camels would shy away even from a distant fire." this could prolly be implemented as low morale when facing gunpowder units?

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huzurat
huzurat

Quite interesting. As per the records in William Irvine's 'Later Mughals', the State of Marwar could alone provide over 30000 well mounted horsemen and over 12000 swift camels. Maharaja Abhai Singh Rathore apparently sent his son with a division of 12000 camels to raid the Mughal holdings in the Rajputana, while he raised some 20000 cavalry from the imperial held districts of Ajmer and Nagaur (both in northern Marwar of the Rajputana) alone.

Really gives you the idea of the abundance of horse and camels that Rajputana rulers had at their disposal.

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KrishnaCN
KrishnaCN

Wow.....when exactly was this??? Early 1700s??

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lionheartofengland
lionheartofengland

Abhai singh rathore ruled in early 1700s so it would be then. However, I have never read about camels deployed in battle for the rajputs. Even at Haldhigatti, camels were unseen. This maybe due to the terrain though.

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huzurat
huzurat

1720's, a war ravaged Rajputana (Subah-e-Ajmer) still could come up with thousands of cavalrymen from a single district. To give you a perspective, the Jat ruler of Bharatpur, who in 1760's was arguably the richest ruler of North India, could only muster 10000 horsemen from 2 large and very wealthy districts of Bharatpur and Agra.

Compare this to a Mirza Raja Sawai Jai Singh who as joint Governor of Ajmer, Malwa and Gujarat, stationed some 15000 well mounted cavalrymen in Malwa alone, not counting troops stationed in Gujarat, Ajmer and his own State of Jaipur. All these were his own troops by the way, paid and maintained.

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KrishnaCN
KrishnaCN

Whoa...that's an amazing info..
Cavalry was of great importance to Rajputs....early defeats at the hands of Islamic invaders only seem to have naturally forced them to pay more attention to quality cavalry

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huzurat
huzurat

Well from Ghazni onwards horse breeding began in earnest. Both the Marwari and Kathiawari horses can be traced in use for war since 12th and 13th century. The Rathore's Marwar, when they immigrated from the Indo-Gangetic to Mandore in Marwar post 1192, particularly encourage large scale horse breeding.

So much so that, even by Balban's time, Rajputs in Rajputana could match the speed of the Sultanate armies, in fact outpace them in their home turf. However, lack of a proper military bureaucracy was what limited their power. Unlike the Sultanate who say all sorts of men rise to becoming great generals, there was no such dedicated officer corp for the Rajputs. If you see most of their pre-Sissodiya defeats, it was mostly because of not being able to rally enough men in time. Since all officers were chiefs in their own right. Troop mobilization was the issue. After Sissodiya rule started from 1327 onwards, Mewar began creating the Sultanate style Khalisa land system, or King's personal fief, to maintain his personal army instead of just a single retinue as was the custom earlier.

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KrishnaCN
KrishnaCN

Leadership has always been their problem....whenever well led...they were a lethal force...if anyone reads about the Sisodiya Rana Kumbha one would be amazed at how he was able to repulse and inflict crushing defeats on Mandu,Nagaur and Gujarat despite being surrounded by enemies on all sides......some of his manuevers in war have been amazing,I have actually forgotten about from where I read about him earlier....to think this man barely escaped with his life,an assassination attempt and a conspiracy led against his father Rana mokal at a young age and dealt with all external problems is amazing....moreover he was assassinated early too...I believe this general has been lost to the pages of history

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KrishnaCN
KrishnaCN

Haldighati was a narrow valley/pass...I don't think camels would've been a viable unit for an assault In a valley
.....pratap chose to give battle at haldighati because he had a better chance against the numerically superior mughals at a chokepoint...his plan was simple just deliver a devastating charge and break the mughal lines and tear them apart(he was initially successful but the mughals countered it by holding on and bringing the musketeers to assault the flanks of the Rajput cavalry and ordering the elephant charge).....I don't think camels would make a great shock force..they're not capable of delivering the kind of momentum that a horse brigade would deliver.

...I would say camels would make more sense both militarily and logistically on a plain desert field because of their natural adaptation rather than a valley/pass

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huzurat
huzurat

Correct. Before widespread gunpowder, camels were essentially a logistic animal. Camels were great for extended riding, when the field of battle was reached, men would switch to horses.

Also Mewar, Rana Pratap's kingdom is not a desert. Mewar is a good horse country, but also has the Aravali ranges and several forests. Thus, unsuited for camels. Marwar on the other hand was on the edge of the desert. Thus, camels were easily available.

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huzurat
huzurat

1720's. I think Abhai Singh died soon, assassinated by his other son.

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lionheartofengland
lionheartofengland

I was reading up on mysore. It seems mysore had french trained line infantry to use against the brits. the main emphasis on the other hand seems to be on the rockets followed by a mass cavalry charge.
They also must have had huge artillery and cannon capabilities. there is a city in present day northern malabar called 'Sulthan Bathery', where tipu sultan had placed his artillery battery, hence 'Sultan's Battery'.

Tipu attacking the 'lines of nedumkotta':

Upload.wikimedia.org

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KrishnaCN
KrishnaCN

Yup exactly,tipu hope to make good use of english french rivalry to achieve his ends....he even had a correspondence with emperor napoleon......Napoleon even came as far as egypt to link with tipu.....

His army was trained and organised by french captains....Mysore was among the states that had its armies trained along European lines....many credit tipu to be a pioneer in his unique usage of rockets against the british

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huzurat
huzurat

lionheartofengland

Wasn't Tipu repelled at Nedumkotta, I recall the Diwan of the Travancore Maharaja defeating Tipu's troops thanks to extensive trench works and fortifications.

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lionheartofengland
lionheartofengland

huzurat Yes he was. I believe he was initially repelled by a band of 25 men who attacked while the mysorean army were trying to cross the fortifications. The second time, he destroyed the 'lines of nedumkotta' using artillery then came down about halfway down to modern day kerala. This time, another band of nairs went behind the enemy lines and destroyed a dam which flooded the plain where the artillery battery and the supplies of mysore was located, thus destroying the ammunition,supplies and cannons of mysore, at which point tipu had to retreat.

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lionheartofengland
lionheartofengland

Just read today that from the port of Ponnani, ottoman soldiers in 'red tunics' were available for the zamorin. these should be ottoman musketeers.

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KingKorgoth Author
KingKorgoth

huzurat lionheartofengland
I've read this too, can we confirm it was or was not the janissaries?

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lionheartofengland
lionheartofengland

i would assume it were musketeers as i highly doubt the ottoman sultan would send his elite jannissaries halfway around the world. You could name these units ottoman marines?

Google.com

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KrishnaCN
KrishnaCN

lionheartofengland
KingKorgoth
.....yes highly unlikely....unless he was stupid enough to do that...theres no way an elite force (viz usually considered an expensive investment by the king) would be sent on a mission without any support half way across the world

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KingKorgoth Author
KingKorgoth

KrishCN lionheartofengland
They were present here, if the article is correct, 1500 of them were at the
En.wikipedia.org
I had them included as a rare and expensive mercenary option to factions that they historically helped, but you're right they wouldn't be sent alone, so I'm not sure if they should be included then, but for now I will for the sake of variety, and bc they're cool

En.wikipedia.org
This says there were about 8400 reported janisaries in 1530, so over a fifth of them were at Diu

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lionheartofengland
lionheartofengland

at the battle of Diu, they fought under ottoman command, not under the zamorin's or marakkar's. But I agree that it would be cool to hire them out as mercenaries. Maybe script in an event saying the ottomans are willing to help out in exchange for a giant fee and maybe provide a handful of units with high maintenance so the player wouldn't always risk hiring them to supplement his army and would have to budget carefully.

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KrishnaCN
KrishnaCN

lionheartofengland
KingKorgoth
But also on another front .....the ottomans actually lent emperor Babur a contingent of Turkish gunners along with an ottoman captain named Ustad Ali quli who specialised in that field...the ottomans even lent Babur artillery pieces...these forces went on to play a great and decisive role on the fields of panipat.....this was basically because the dominantly Shia Safavids and Babur were getting close and warming up to each other...the sunni ottomans feared that if their Shia rival in the east backed by mughals and European rivals in the west attacked them at the same time,they would get sandwiched between the 2 forces.....so instead they appealed to babur's Sunni origin and befriended him and lent him military support in his invasion of India in 1526....so we cannot altogether rule out an elite force either....

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huzurat
huzurat

KingKorgoth
KrishCN
lionheartofengland

It would seem that the Janissaries were there as part of the Ottoman-Gujarat coalition army. However, I don't think independent contingents of Janissaries were ever hired out.

Janissaries were slaves to the Sultan alone, not even Beylerbeys (Ottoman Governors) had access to them without the Sultan or his Grand Vazir's consent.

To make them available as mercenary unit for either Gujarat or the Zamorin would defeat the very logic of Janissary troops.

That being said, several non Janissary Ottoman musketeers did hire themselves out. They were known as the Rumeli (Roman). From from West and Central Asia to India, these were the most prized musketeers available. They were eventually overshadowed by European mercenaries by late 17th century.

Rumeli (Ottoman) and Mamluk (Egyptian) musketeers were the ones who actually were in high demand post Babur.

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lionheartofengland
lionheartofengland

I cant remember reading any battles with them in kerala though except for a vague mention that the marakkars used them to harass the portugese.

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KingKorgoth Author
KingKorgoth

huzurat right now the janissaries aren't recruitable in game, they're just available in custom battles, but at some point I'll add an event where they show up temporarily for west coast factions that are having a drawn out war with the Portuguese

Do you know when Mamluk musket mercs started showing up in India?
Or when groups like Berad/Bhil/Koli/Purbiya made the switch to them?

Thank you!

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huzurat
huzurat

South Indian kingdoms adapted gunpowder with the Portuguese arrival. However, tribal and clan groups were slower to adapt. By 17th century though Berad Musketeers were famed as Kala Pyada (Black Footmen).

In the North, with the exception of Gujarat, these seems to have been no record of guns being used.

Mamluk and Rumeli gunners found employment in Gujarat and the Deccan Sultanates. However, Gujarat Sultanate preferred Mamluk gunners while the Bijapur Sultanates claiming Ottoman descent (most probably a fabrication) went for Rumeli gunners. However, due to Bijapur's Adil Shahis being Shia Muslims (most Deccan Sultans like Golcanda and Ahmednagar too were Shia) they attracted a large number Qizilbashi cavalrymen too. So Bijapur has this fascinating mix of Safavid Cavalrymen and Ottoman musketeers, just as Adil Shahis own mix of Ottoman Heritage and Safavid Faith.

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KrishnaCN
KrishnaCN

huzurat
KingKorgoth
lionheartofengland

Twcenter.net

Just watch out for this bodyguard switcher mod....it let's the general switch his bodyguard to any unit you want...can come in handy since we may want to change between elephant guard and cavalry guard antytime midgame

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KingKorgoth Author
KingKorgoth

KrishCN Thanks! I have that noted so I'll add it some time soon

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huzurat
huzurat

KrishCN
KingKorgoth

This great. How about this for the Rajput Saka unit. Last stand of a Rajput General in case of a siege.

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lionheartofengland
lionheartofengland

I was watching a game in medieval 2 online today and one player brought priests as the aztecs who raised the morale of units. Would it be worth implementing this into one of the rajput factions with maybe a unit or two of the 'aghori's from varanasi who may terrify enemies and raise morale of the troops?

and also i doubt many people play the kingdoms expansion. I had never seen many of the units for egypt. These units could easily fit the description of rajput or mughal forces.
also units like templar gunners from the mod could be changed slightly as musketmen for various factions.

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KrishnaCN
KrishnaCN

actually we found a mod called Asia empires that igdood posted it in unit appearance section......all these units are perfectly accurate for mughals and marathas...they have a full roster so no need to worry about those...we can use broken crescent for rajputs......regarding your suggestions i don't think aghoris have ever been used for intimidation by rajput militaries......the aghoris are mostly less understood and people always stayed away from them due to their unusual practices(like nudity,urine consumption,Necrophilia,drugs,sleeping amidst dead carcasses etc etc).....as far as intimidation goes,i dont think there was anyone better at it than rajputs themselves.....rajput approach to warfare is an intmidation in itself....the rajputs usually doubled their dosage of opium when they went to battle to numb their sense of fear....with rajputs on the battlefield it was literally "do or die"
...........just to put it in perspective....when faced with certain defeat,the rajput women and children self-immolated themselves in a huge fire(which was called "jauhar") and the very next day the men would smear their faces with the ashes of their women and children ,dress themselves in saffron,place tulsi leaves in their mouths(a sign of which is an acceptance of impending death) and sally out of the city gates to face their enemies and kill them or be killed.....
.....on the eve of the battle at khanwa....the entire 5000 advance guard of babur was cut to pieces by sanga's rajputs.....this incident mortified the mughals.....the reputation of rajput valor and the very thought of facing them in such large numbers spooked them....the very incident shook the morale of the entire mughal army and an astrologer made it even worse by predicting a defeat....in response,babur emptied all his wine and broke all the jars and made a vow not to drink wine ever again in his life....he further declared jihad on rajputs and afghans and asked his men to fight with him and win or die with honor....only after this propagandistic act,were the soldiers ready to fight...babur himself mentions this is as a clever act on his part in his memoirs....

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KrishnaCN
KrishnaCN

moreover varanasi lies in the indogangetic belt towards the east of delhi.....the rajputs are politically restricted to rajputana in the west at the beginning of the game....so it wont be geographically or historically accurate

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KingKorgoth Author
KingKorgoth

KrishCN
I'm pretty sure Varanasai is in the right place, the map is just distorted slightly, look at both of these, I've underlined the rivers
Ibb.co
Ibb.co

As far as the rajputs, they owned Nagda in East rajputana, so which regions do you think are wrong?

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KrishnaCN
KrishnaCN

KingKorgoth
yeah i saw it once again its at the right place....but prayaga stands at the confluence of ganga and yamuna rivers...the yamuna is a tributary of ganga

so basically what you have to do is....draw the main ganga river and continue its path while prayaga lies between the already existent yamuna river(that u have already drawn) and the new ganga path u have to draw....this new path(or continuation) of the ganga river flows above the city of kannauj

also u need to draw another tributary of ganga called gumti....the jaunpur city lies above the gumti river....however lakhnau lies below the gumti river....

refer to this image for next release on these city locations
I.pinimg.com

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lionheartofengland
lionheartofengland

I think he is trying to say that aghoris from varanasi should not be recruitable because varanasi lie far away from the rajput dominion.

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KingKorgoth Author
KingKorgoth

KrishCN lionheartofengland Oh! Sorry my bad I didn't see the aghoris comment, I thought he was referring to the map

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huzurat
huzurat

A general naming convention for Mughal, North Indian and Deccan regimes, both Hindu and Muslim. A combination of these terms should yield most of the names for units anyone would need.

Arabic/Persian/Turkic (Muslim) Sanskrit (Hindu) English

Pyada Paik Footmen/Infantry
Sowar Asvaka/Ashvaka Horsemen/Cavalry
Topkhana Shataghni Artillery
Sardar/Amir Sardar/Nayaka/Mukhya Commander/Chief
Sipahsalar/Sar i Lashkar Senapati/Dandanayaka General
Jagirdar/Zamindar Thakur/Deshmukh/Bhuswami Landholder
Khasgi/Sultani/Shahi/Shah Rajaki/Raj-/Maula Elite/Royal
Sipahi Sainik Soldier
Lashkar/Fauj Sena Army
Tumen/Jhund (Mongol/Arabic) Samayuha/Dal Samuh/Ayata Division/Array
Risala/Dusta/Binlik (Turkic) Vahini/Dal Regiment/Battalion
Jumla/Yuzlik Gana/Sangha Company(around 100)
Subedar/Muqta/Wali/Hakem Kshetrapal/Mandalik/Nayaka Governor
Subah/Viyayat/Iqta Prant/Rajya/Mahamandala Province
Silhadari Mandalik/Samanti Feudal/Chief's
Jawan Anuchara/Chela Follower/Recruit


Of course, many terms were shared between Muslims and Hindus, such as Sardar became more prominent in later periods with Rajputs, Marathas and North Indian Hindus adopting the usage of Sardar/Silhadar (Chief) , and Zamindari (Landholder), and Muslims used Paik, Chela, Raja and Nayaka.
So how does you work with this?

Here are some examples: Rajaki Asvaka (Royal Horsemen), Qorchi Binlik (Qurchi Regiment), Ahadi Sowar (Ahadi Cavalrymen).

A note though, try to make linguistically consistent names for units, for example Qurchi Dusta (Turkic with Persian) will not be accurate, rather it should Qurchi Binlik (Timurid/Chagatai Turkic).

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huzurat
huzurat

KingKorgoth

Since the General Info section is clog full, I'll answer the ones I that I can here.

Some Questions I have-Please answer if you know

2.Did the Mewar/Marwar Rajput recruit many Baluchi or Pashtun mercenaries?

Pashtun, yes. Baluchi no. Pashtuns were always an adventurous race, employed heavily as both Cavalry and infantry.

7. I've found a single reference to Swiss archers being used by Albuquerque, not sure if it was referring to crossbows though. Were there any European Non-Crossbow Archers in India?

Tajiki Crossbows or Crossbows from Marawanhir (Samarqand region) were quite famous. Apart from that I think Europeans used Pavise crossbows. Though by now Pike and Shot were the norm. Not sure about Pavise, unlikely to be used in India.



21. When should generic indian units end on the map? should gujarat and mewar get access to all of them? should marwar have generic Indian cavalry and swordsmen?

Well there was a thriving military market in India, especially North India. Hindustani/Purabiya troops were used by all. Also Sissodiyas controlled tracts of Gujarat, Malwa and Yamuna-Ganga Doab, therefore they should have access to them. However, South Indians mostly relied on either foreign mercenaries or Afghan ones.


22.I need to make generic levy and light cavalry/infantry units for the pakistan area (gujarat-sindh-punjab) so I don't have to make them for each individual group (Khokar/Gokhar/Sindh/Jat etc) -What should I call them?

Actually all are very distinct. Jats are found in Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Delhi and even Rajasthan, while Khokhars are more Punjab centric, especially in Salt Ranges, now Pakistan Punjab. At the same time we don't have Janjua and Arain groups. Sindhi is already a simplified for Samma, Soomra and other clans. This will be very difficult to choose.

In my opinion, you can probably put Khokhar, Janjua and Arain under a common 'Punjabi' identity, since these are near exclusive to Punjab, while Jat being more extensive and politically powerful will have a separate 'Jat'. A seperate Sindhi.

However, instead of Jat Spearmen, Cavalry etc, we can attribute a single infantry, cavalry unit to each race. So you need only create 3 units, those are: Punjabi Javelin Cavalry, Sindhi Light Lancer Cavalry and Jat Spearmen.

23. Range difference for indian longbow vs turkish style (recurve composite) bows used by infantry vs turkish style bow used by cavalry? Also reload speed differences for each? Also were any horse archers using indian style bows?

Turkic bows had better range and punch. Effective from almost 500 meters. However, they were neigh impossible to maintain in South and East India. Also the rate of horseback archery could not match expert dismounted longbows, but such experts were rare. A Bhil archer unit could beat even 2 horse archer regiment, but they were a rare case. Most Indian longbows could match but not outright beat well trained Turco-Mongol horse archers.

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lionheartofengland
lionheartofengland

huzurat
I read about the Indian longbows. The indian long bows werent apparently used in mass volleys. Even from the time of alexander's invasion of India, at the battle of hydaspes where a mass volley of longbows would have destroyed the macedonian phalanx, indian longbow archers have never been mentioned as being influential in a battle.
I have only read about archers being effective in ambushes - especially against foreign forces. So i highly doubt the bhil archers could do that much damage. The longbows were innacurate at best and could not stand up against the turkic bows.
Its in rare myths such as the ramayana or mahabharatha where heroic archers kill each other which might suggest that mass volleys were quite rare.
So in my humble opinion, I would suggest that the indian longbow should be provided to most peasant militias - especially north indians as most infantry units used bows before clashing for melee.

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KrishnaCN
KrishnaCN

lionheartofengland

Like huzurat said Indian longbows actually did have the potential to be deadly

I'm not aware of the accuracy or significance of Indian longbows.....but from what I know or what I've read Indian
Longbows were actually deadly....in the battle of hydaspes that u mentioned.....the river had been in spate for months and the rain had made the battlefield absolutely damp and wet....not to mention,Alexander had used the cover of the sound of the rain the previous night to mask the footsteps of his soldiers ...this helped him ford the river at another point undetected.....the Indian longbows needed to be fixed on ground and with one foot firmly on the lower end of the bow,the archers would let the Arrows fly loose.....but on the day of battle,because of the dampness of the soil,the indians could not place their longbows on the ground and they could not be operated effectively....the details of the battle which are mostly from Greek sources prove that of all of Alexander's adversaries,Porus was the most competent and his experience in battle is actually evident in the way he responded to Alexander's manuevers.....he countered every move of alexander.....when he heard Alexander had crossed the river with a flanking force,he sent a contingent of chariots Led by his son to assault it....when he learnt of his son's death and failure,he left small force of his army to guard the river front incase craterus(who was incharge of the main Greek army)chose to cross the river and hit his rear...and then he left with the remaining major portion of his army to fight Alexander's flanking force..this is actually a clever move and shows porus's generalship ...Alexander's flanking force was actually small, and it was a clever move by Porus in trying to overwhelm the flanking force with his larger army while tying down the other half of the Greek army with a small guard.....porus was brought down by a combination of weather ,terrain,ineffectiveness of chariots,failure of longbows and Alexander's genius at deception rather than his own errors..not just the archers even the chariot vanguard led by Porus's son against Alexander's flanking force could not operate efficiently because of the soil.....historians who analysed this battle have actually deduced that the lack of archery on the Indian side that day played a vital role in Porus's defeat(ofcourse there were a whole lot of manuevers,tricks and deceptions that alexander's military genius pulled off before giving battle to Porus's...but this was another vital aspect of battle)

Greek sources have actually mentioned that Indian foot soldiers carried bows and arrows and that their arrows could actually pierce shields and breastplates..

Apparently imperial Guptas also used metal shafts for arrows...

Indian longbows have actually been described as deadly....but the archery was never actually the focus of Indian kingdoms....Indian approach to warfare(especially Rajput) has always involved some form of personal bravery in melee combat rather than withering the enemy thin and then assaulting them....moreover we are talking about longbows in general,I don't think the above longbows u mentioned in the battle of hydaspes would be in use throughout for another 1800+ years....it definitely would have evolved...

Another instance of effectiveness of archery is when a band of bhil archers were used by pratap at haldighati

On a one to one basis,dismounted archers will always beat horsearchers.....but from a tactical point of view,horsearchers were a deadly component of a much larger and grand approach to battle....the key was to unsettle enemy cavalry,not engage them but make them chase u desperately....chasing horsearchers would break the cohesion and order in the enemy cavalry ranks......this would disrupt the rank and file of the enemy cavalry.....the disorder in enemy cavalry and volley of the horsearchers would spread them thin....leaving them wide open and vulnerable to a cavalry counter charge......this coupled with the flexibility of horsearchers to also act as a melee unit when needed made them even more deadly....after which the enemy infantry could be very easily dispatched....

On paper and by theory footarchers are deadlier.....but in practice because of their mobility and role in a grand strategy,horsearchery signalled the dawn of a new age of warfare and military generals

Atleast that's what I know

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huzurat
huzurat

KrishCN
lionheartofengland

I mostly took example of the Bhils here as my model Longbowmen. However, longbows were most definitely used in formations. As KrishCN pointed, longbows were an essential in late antiquity and early medieval era Indian empires' combined arms, especially from Gupta onwards.

In our context if we take the example of Bhil archers, they most definitely fought at Haldighati, that too as regular formation troops. Souces say that they fought a splendid rearguard action to cover the Rajput's retreat when the Rana got injured. Apparently the Bhil contingent fought to the last men.

We know that both Gajapati and the Vijayanagar emperors had forestry troops using longbows.

Often tribal forest longbows were arranged alongside regular troops in formation. Arthashastra and other sources categorize them as Atavi (forest) or Bhrtak (auxilliary/mercenary) sena/troops.

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lionheartofengland
lionheartofengland

huzurat KrishCN
I absolutely agree with what was mentioned. All i was saying was the Longbow was so inaccurate and I havent read anywhere where massed archery volleys were used. In the north I assumed that everyone fought with the bow - even the basic infantry units.

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huzurat
huzurat

lionheartofengland

I'm not sure about low accuracy. The Bhils and Mavles often acted as sharpshooters as well. We need remember that tribal units developed bow first as a hunting tool, then as weapon of war.

The bows used by Porus, or the Guptas were different to these. In fact even during the Gupta times 2 types of bows were used ; one was large longbow which needed hard ground to support, the other was a shorter longbow, more accurate and often used by civil police authorities.

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