I am become death, The Shatterer of Worlds. — J. Robert Oppenheimer
|The first atomic bomb.||Locked|
|Jan 2 2010 Anchor|
During the final stages of World War II in 1945, the United States conducted two atomic bombings against Japan in the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
After six months of intense strategic fire-bombing of 67 Japanese cities the Hirohito regime ignored an ultimatum given by the Potsdam Declaration. By executive order of President Harry S. Truman the U.S. dropped the nuclear weapon Little Boy on the city of Hiroshima on Monday, August 6, 1945, followed by the detonation of the bomb Fat Man over Nagasaki on August 9. These are the only attacks with nuclear weapons in the history of warfare.
The bombs killed as many as 140,000 people in Hiroshima and 80,000 in Nagasaki by the end of 1945, with roughly half of those deaths occurring on the days of the bombings. Amongst these, 15–20% died from injuries or the combined effects of flash burns, trauma, and radiation burns, compounded by illness, malnutrition and radiation sickness. Since then, more have died from leukemia (231 observed) and solid cancers (334 observed) attributed to exposure to radiation released by the bombs. In both cities, most of the dead were civilians.
Six days after the detonation over Nagasaki, on August 15, Japan announced its surrender to the Allied Powers, signing the Instrument of Surrender on September 2, officially ending the Pacific War and therefore World War II. Germany had signed its unavoidable Instrument of Surrender on May 7, ending the war in Europe. The bombings led, in part, to post-war Japan adopting Three Non-Nuclear Principles, forbidding the nation from nuclear armament.
The role of the bombings in Japan's surrender and the U.S.'s ethical justification for them is still debated
Edited by: Bady90
|Jan 2 2010 Anchor|
The Germans, well in respect now I have to say, The Nazis, could have won that war, it was Hitler's paranoia that made them lose it, plus, if the Soviet Union lost in the Eastern Front, the Nazis would have won the war. Btw if the Allied powers (the Big three more importantly) hadn't ruin the Nazi's Atomic energy project,
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