Although not called as such, machines recognizable as artillery have been employed in warfare since antiquity. The first references in the western historical tradition may be those of Hero of Alexandria c. AD 1C. but these devices were widely employed by the Roman Legions in Republican times well before the Christian era. Through much of their early history artillery was treated as part of the engineering art because the devices were often constructed mostly of local materials whenever needed and not permanently assembled. Until the introduction of gunpowder into western warfare artillery depended upon mechanical energy to operate and this severely limited the range and size of projectiles while also requiring the construction of very large apparatus to store sufficient energy.For much of artillery's history during the Middle Ages and the Early modern period, artillery pieces on land were moved with the assistance of horse teams. During the more recent Modern era and in the Post-Modern period the artillery crew has used wheeled or tracked vehicles as a mode of transportation. Artillery used by naval forces has changed significantly also, with missiles replacing guns in surface warfare.Over the course of military history, projectiles were manufactured from a wide variety of materials, made in a wide variety of shapes, and used different means of inflicting physical damage and casualties to defeat specific types of targets. The engineering designs of the means of delivery have likewise changed significantly over time, and have become some of the most complex technological application today. In some armies, the weapon of artillery is the projectile, not the piece that fires it. The process of delivering fire onto the target is called gunnery. The actions involved in operating the piece are collectively called "serving the gun" or "detachment" by the gun crew, constituting either direct or indirect artillery fire. The manner in which artillery units or formations are employed is called artillery support, and may at different periods in history refer to weapons designed to be fired from ground, sea, and even air-based weapons platforms.Although the term also describes soldiers and sailors with the primary function of using artillery weapons, the individuals who operate them are called gunners whatever their rank, however 'gunner' is the lowest rank in artillery arms. There is no generally recognised generic term for a gun, howitzer, mortar, and so forth: some armies use 'artillery piece', while others use 'gun'. The projectiles fired are typically either 'shot' (if solid) or 'shell' if not. Shell is a widely used generic term for a projectile, which is a component of munitions.The term 'artillery' is also applied to a combat arm of most military services when used organizationally to describe units and formations of the national armed forces that operate the weapons.The gunners and their guns are usually grouped in teams called either 'crews' or 'detachments'. Several such crews and teams with other functions are combined into a unit of artillery usually called a battery, although sometimes called a company. Batteries are roughly equivalent to a company in the infantry, and are combined into larger military organizations for administrative and operational purpose.During military operations the role of field artillery is to provide close support to other arms in combat or to attack targets. The latter role is typically achieved by delivering either high explosive munitions to inflict casualties on the enemy from casing fragments and other debris and blast, or by demolition of enemy positions, equipment and vehicles. Fire may be directed by an artillery observer or called onto map coordinates.Military doctrine has played a significant influence on the core engineering design considerations of Artillery ordnance through its history, in seeking to achieve a balance between delivered volume of fire with ordnance mobility. However, during the modern period the consideration of protecting the gunners also arose due to the late-19th century introduction of the new generation of infantry weapons using conoidal bullet, better known as the Minié ball, with a range almost as long as that of field artillery.The gunners' increasing proximity to and participation in direct combat against other combat arms and attacks by aircraft made the introduction of a gun shield necessary. The problems of how to employ a fixed or horse towed gun in mobile warfare necessitated the development of new methods of transporting the artillery into combat. Two distinct forms of artillery developed: the towed gun, which was used primarily to attack or defend a fixed line; and the self-propelled gun, which was designed to accompany a mobile force and provide continuous fire support. These influences have guided the development of artillery ordnance, systems, organisations, and operations until the present, with artillery systems capable of providing support at ranges from as little as 100 m to the intercontinental ranges of ballistic missiles. The only combat in which artillery is unable to take part in is close quarters combat.

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CSLA Mod ver. 2.26 has been released!
ARMA 2: Combined Operations

CSLA Mod ver. 2.26 has been released!

1 year ago ČSLA Mod for Arma 2:Combined Operations 8 comments

Latest version of CSLA Mod for Arma 2: Combined Operations has been officially released.

New FIA units
ARMA 2: Combined Operations

New FIA units

1 year ago ČSLA Mod for Arma 2:Combined Operations 4 comments

The next and last patch for CSLA Mod for A2:CO will contain also redesigned FIA units (troops) with feature to carry any possible backpack.

CSLA Studio webcast 2
ARMA 2: Combined Operations

CSLA Studio webcast 2

2 years ago ČSLA Mod for Arma 2:Combined Operations 0 comments

Hello folks, we just started with recording of the series of webcasts where we want to present all available addons for all factions (CSLA, AFMC and FIA...

Concept arts update #1: Dreams come true or a lecture for future game devs
Rogue Republic

Concept arts update #1: Dreams come true or a lecture for future game devs

2 years ago Rogue Republic 5 comments

First a little lecture. Hundreds of science-fiction and pseudo-science-fiction games are released every year, but most of the times we hardly remember...

SP mission: Long hand (Campaign '89 Demo)
ARMA 2: Combined Operations

SP mission: Long hand (Campaign '89 Demo)

2 years ago ČSLA Mod for Arma 2:Combined Operations 0 comments

New tasks for the group OKTAVA! After the refilling of supplies and ammo, move to the entry position near the village Kumyrna. You will proceed with your...

Originally applied to any group of infantry primarily armed with projectile weapons, artillery has over time become limited in meaning to refer only to those engines of war that operate by projection of munitions far beyond the range of effect of personal...
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ʇɐuʞɐʇǝp Creator
ʇɐuʞɐʇǝp Jun 16 2011 says:

I haven't checked on this group for so long! Most of the new members join just for the sake of joining. The other main creator is inactive, and it was so outdated before. It's time to get the ball going again, 207 members, only around 20 are devoted.

+2 votes   reply to comment
ʇɐuʞɐʇǝp Creator
ʇɐuʞɐʇǝp Jun 14 2011 says:

I got creative, lol.

+2 votes   reply to comment
Hank Ishtar
Hank Ishtar Jun 3 2011 says:


You have commanded the forces of the light, the dark and the corrupt side. Now control the real world forces in the final war. Keep track of the upcoming World War 3 mod for Star Wars Empire at War Forces of Corruption.

+3 votes     reply to comment
ʇɐuʞɐʇǝp Creator
ʇɐuʞɐʇǝp Jun 14 2011 replied:

Get that out'ta here! Kidding, :P.

+2 votes   reply to comment
rollerloller May 7 2011 says:

"oozing ******* gravitational RAD ****"

Doesn't make any sense but made me smile anyway

+3 votes     reply to comment
Havoc_frost Apr 8 2011 says:

Infantry win firefights. Tanks win battles. Artillery wins wars

+3 votes     reply to comment
zamaziko Mar 16 2011 says:

setting back and relax while ur artillery do all the job. man that's winning

+3 votes     reply to comment
RighteousFighter Mar 7 2011 says:

Greetings from the country with the strongest artillery in EU.
(yes, it's Finland; we have a small margin more of them than the germans :P)

+2 votes     reply to comment
GriffinZ Mar 10 2011 replied:

Greeting from the firing side of the Excalibur guided artillery shells trajectory.

+2 votes     reply to comment
Handgun_Hero Oct 17 2010 says:

In Soviet Russia, Artillery bomb YOU!!

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Apr 17, 2010
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Artillery Lovers Group
Artillery Lovers Group
121 members